Expression profiling of functional genes in prenatal skeletal muscle tissue in Duroc and Pietrain pigs

R. Davoli, S. Braglia, V. Russo, L. Varona, M.F.W. te Pas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In livestock, skeletal muscle is a tissue of major economic importance for meat production and muscle mass is largely determined during the prenatal period by the number and the size of muscle fibres. The understanding of gene expression changes during prenatal pig muscle development is still limited. In this study, genes identified as differentially expressed in a previous microarray research and chosen for the function of the coded protein as putative candidate involved in myogenesis were considered to analyse their expression profile during foetal growth of Duroc and Pietrain pigs. The eleven genes were considered by real-time PCR for a time-course evaluation of the transcription level at six stages of prenatal longissimus dorsi development. The results suggest that the most relevant variations in mRNA levels of the analysed genes seem to follow temporal waves of gene expression. Significant changes of transcription were observed at 21–35 and 63–91 days, the two main phases of skeletal muscle development. During the early phases of Pietrain embryos’ development, 10 of the 11 genes showed an induction. In Duroc embryos, a second phase of gene up-regulation can be identified in the phase 63–77 days. These results provide new data on developmental changes of expression profile of 11 genes involved in different functional pathways related to prenatal myogenic processes in Duroc and Pietrain pigs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-27
JournalJournal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • time rt-pcr
  • cyclin g1
  • porcine fetal
  • sequence tags
  • family
  • protein
  • growth
  • cells
  • differentiation
  • cyclophilin

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