Expression of Two Functionally Distinct Plant Endo-ß-1,4-Glucanases Is Essential for the Compatible Interaction Between Potato Cyst Nematode and Its Hosts

A. Karczmarek, S. Fudali, M. Lichocka, M. Sobczak, W. Kurek, S. Janakowski, J. Roosien, W. Golinowski, J. Bakker, A. Goverse, J. Helder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the proliferation of their feeding sites (syncytia), the potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis is thought to recruit plant endo-ß-1,4-glucanases (EGases, EC. 3.2.1.4). Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction experiments on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) indicated that the expression of two out of the at least eight EGases, namely Sl-cel7 and Sl-cel9C1, is specifically upregulated during syncytium formation. In situ hybridization and immunodetection studies demonstrated that both EGases are specifically expressed inside and adjacent to proliferating syncytia. To assess the importance of Sl-cel7 and Sl-cel9C1 for nematode development, we decided to knock them out individually. Sl-cel9C1 probably is the only class C EGase in tomato, and we were unable to regenerate Sl-cel9C1¿silenced plants. Potato (S. tuberosum), a close relative of tomato, harbors at least two class C EGases, and St-cel7-or St-cel9C1¿silenced potato plants showed no obvious aberrant phenotype. Infection with potato cyst nematodes resulted in a severe reduction of the number of adult females (up to 60%) and a sharp increase in the fraction of females without eggs (up to 89%). Hence, the recruitment of CEL7, an enzyme that uses xyloglucan and noncrystalline cellulose as natural substrates, and CEL9C1, an enzyme that uses crystalline cellulose, is essential for growth and development of potato cyst nematodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-798
JournalMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • root-knot nematodes
  • arabidopsis-thaliana
  • tomato endo-beta-1,4-glucanase
  • beta-1,4-endoglucanase genes
  • globodera-rostochiensis
  • feeding cells
  • messenger-rna
  • auxin
  • induction
  • hybridization

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Expression of Two Functionally Distinct Plant Endo-ß-1,4-Glucanases Is Essential for the Compatible Interaction Between Potato Cyst Nematode and Its Hosts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this