Exploring the Structure of the 100 Amino-Acid Residue Long N-Terminus of the Plant Antenna Protein CP29

M.H. Shabestari, C.J.A.M. Wolfs, R.B. Spruijt, H. van Amerongen, M. Huber

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9 Citations (Scopus)


The structure of the unusually long (~100 amino-acid residues) N-terminal domain of the light-harvesting protein CP29 of plants is not defined in the crystal structure of this membrane protein. We studied the N-terminus using two electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) approaches: the rotational diffusion of spin labels at 55 residues with continuous-wave EPR, and three sets of distances with a pulsed EPR method. The N-terminus is relatively structured. Five regions that differ considerably in their dynamics are identified. Two regions have low rotational diffusion, one of which shows a-helical character suggesting contact with the protein surface. This immobile part is flanked by two highly dynamic, unstructured regions (loops) that cover residues 10-22 and 82-91. These loops may be important for the interaction with other light-harvesting proteins. The region around residue 4 also has low rotational diffusion, presumably because it attaches noncovalently to the protein. This section is close to a phosphorylation site (Thr-6) in related proteins, such as those encoded by the Lhcb4.2 gene. Phosphorylation might influence the interaction with other antenna complexes, thereby regulating the supramolecular organization in the thylakoid membrane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1349-1358
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • light-harvesting complex
  • electron-paramagnetic-resonance
  • comprehensive software package
  • labeled side-chains
  • photosystem-ii
  • distance measurements
  • conformational-changes
  • structure prediction
  • energy-transfer
  • t4 lysozyme


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