This paper analyses women’s roles in the learning process that accompanies the switch towards multi-functionality and multifunctional entrepreneurship: the process by which farmers gain the necessaryknowledge and skills ‘to do multifunctionality’, develop and adapt their identity as ‘multifunctionalentrepreneurs’, and re-establish the identity of the farm as a multifunctional one. Detailed inspectionof men’s and women’s positions and functions in the learning process reveals women’s leading roles in:1) introducing new identities and practices onto the farm, 2) providing access to new networks and learn-ing environments, and 3) initiating negotiation within the farming family regarding the farm’s (future)orientation towards primary production or multifunctionality. All three aspects of learning are essentialbuilding blocks for the development of multifunctional entrepreneurship on family farms. The paper isbased on a study of 120 Dutch multifunctional farms, with a detailed analysis of the genderedness of theentrepreneurial learning process in three specific farm cases.
- family farming
- Mutifunctional entrepeneurship
- entrepeneurial learning
- farm women
- multiple case study