Exploring Integration Trajectories for a European Health Union

Giulia Bazzan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


COVID-19 emerged as a cross-cutting problem across governance sectors and levels, urging the creation of a European Health Union. There are already a number of integrated European governance strategies-such as the European Energy Union (2015) and the European Green Deal (2019)- A dopted for overcoming problems of governance fragmentation and inadequacy of fragmented policy responses to cross-cutting policy challenges. Past studies focused on the interaction between crisis and policy change and investigated the activation of different mechanisms to enhance integration. This article contributes to the debate over the creation of a European Health Union by unpacking the acknowledged dimensions of policy integration-policy frame, subsystem involvement, policy goals and policy instruments-in order to assess their manifestations in the new EU4Health policy and to establish what contextual conditions triggered the activation of the integration-enabling mechanisms that led to a more integrated European Health Union. In so doing, it offers an analytical illustration and discusses implications for decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-746
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Risk Regulation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

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