Exploring fish microbial communities to mitigate emerging diseases in aquaculture

Irene de Bruijn, Yiying Liu, Geert F. Wiegertjes, Jos M. Raaijmakers

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveyAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal food sector worldwide and expected to further increase to feed the growing human population. However, existing and (re-)emerging diseases are hampering fish and shellfish cultivation and yield. For many diseases, vaccination protocols are not in place and the excessive use of antibiotics and other chemicals is of substantial concern. A more sustainable disease control strategy to protect fish and shellfish from (re-)emerging diseases could be achieved by introduction or augmentation of beneficial microbes. To establish and maintain a 'healthy' fish microbiome, a fundamental understanding of the diversity and temporal-spatial dynamics of fish-associated microbial communities and their impact on growth and health of their aquatic hosts is required. This review describes insights in the diversity and functions of the fish bacterial communities elucidated with next-generation sequencing and discusses the potential of the microbes to mitigate (re-)emerging diseases in aquaculture.
LanguageEnglish
Article numberfix161
JournalFEMS microbiology ecology
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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Aquaculture
aquaculture
microbial community
Fishes
Shellfish
fish
shellfish
Fish Diseases
Microbiota
disease control
vaccination
Vaccination
antibiotics
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Food
Health
Growth
food
Population
animal

Keywords

  • Aquaculture
  • Beneficial microbes
  • Emerging diseases
  • Fish
  • Microbiomes

Cite this

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title = "Exploring fish microbial communities to mitigate emerging diseases in aquaculture",
abstract = "Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal food sector worldwide and expected to further increase to feed the growing human population. However, existing and (re-)emerging diseases are hampering fish and shellfish cultivation and yield. For many diseases, vaccination protocols are not in place and the excessive use of antibiotics and other chemicals is of substantial concern. A more sustainable disease control strategy to protect fish and shellfish from (re-)emerging diseases could be achieved by introduction or augmentation of beneficial microbes. To establish and maintain a 'healthy' fish microbiome, a fundamental understanding of the diversity and temporal-spatial dynamics of fish-associated microbial communities and their impact on growth and health of their aquatic hosts is required. This review describes insights in the diversity and functions of the fish bacterial communities elucidated with next-generation sequencing and discusses the potential of the microbes to mitigate (re-)emerging diseases in aquaculture.",
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Exploring fish microbial communities to mitigate emerging diseases in aquaculture. / de Bruijn, Irene; Liu, Yiying; Wiegertjes, Geert F.; Raaijmakers, Jos M.

In: FEMS microbiology ecology, Vol. 94, No. 1, fix161, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveyAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Raaijmakers, Jos M.

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AB - Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal food sector worldwide and expected to further increase to feed the growing human population. However, existing and (re-)emerging diseases are hampering fish and shellfish cultivation and yield. For many diseases, vaccination protocols are not in place and the excessive use of antibiotics and other chemicals is of substantial concern. A more sustainable disease control strategy to protect fish and shellfish from (re-)emerging diseases could be achieved by introduction or augmentation of beneficial microbes. To establish and maintain a 'healthy' fish microbiome, a fundamental understanding of the diversity and temporal-spatial dynamics of fish-associated microbial communities and their impact on growth and health of their aquatic hosts is required. This review describes insights in the diversity and functions of the fish bacterial communities elucidated with next-generation sequencing and discusses the potential of the microbes to mitigate (re-)emerging diseases in aquaculture.

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