Experimental determination of turbulent fluxes over the heterogeneous LITFASS area: Selected results from the LITFASS-98 experiment

F. Beyrich, S.H. Richter, U. Weisensee, W. Kohsiek, H. Lohse, H.A.R. de Bruin, T. Foken, M. Gockede, F. Berger, R. Vogt, E. Batchvarova

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the LITFASS-98 experiment, local flux measurements were performed over five different types of underlying surface (grass, barley, triticale, pine forest, water) in a heterogeneous landscape using eddy covariance and profile techniques over a three week time period in June, 1998. Estimates of the area-integrated sensible heat flux during daytime were obtained from continuous measurements with a large aperture scintillometer (LAS) along a 4.7¿km path. The calculation of a mean diurnal cycle of the fluxes during the experiment revealed significant differences between the main land use classes. A land-use weighted average of the sensible heat flux was found to be in good agreement with the LAS based estimate, which in turn was supported by other regionally integrated flux estimates from budget considerations and aircraft measurements for a few case studies. The profiles of turbulent quantities measured along a 99¿m-tower significantly deviate from ¿idealised¿ profiles measured over homogeneous terrain. Peculiarities in the profile structure could be attributed to the heterogeneity of the terrain, namely to the differences in the surface characteristics of the footprint areas for the different tower levels
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-34
JournalTheoretical and Applied Climatology
Volume73
Issue number39479
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • sensible heat
  • land-surface
  • structure parameter
  • natural conditions
  • momentum
  • scintillation
  • inhomogeneity
  • aircraft
  • exchange
  • forest

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