Expected economic performance of genetic modification in pork production

T.A. Novoselova, M.P.M. Meuwissen, A.W. Jongbloed, R.B.M. Huirne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to quantify technical and economic performance of genetic modification (GM) applications in the Dutch pork production chain. In total, seven GM applications were considered: two with respect to the pig itself, i.e., ‘bovine gene’ and ‘enviropig’, two regarding feed, i.e., ‘GM crops’ and ‘low phytate plants’, and three with regard to feed additives and medicines. The latter included ‘antibodies’, ‘microbial phytase’ and ‘immunocastration’. A partial budgeting model with farrowing and fattening stages was used to estimate the impact of GM applications on cost prices of a 25-kg piglet and 1 kg of pork produced. Overall, the production of pork with GM applications was found to be cheaper than in the default (no-GM) situation. Reductions of cost prices ranged from 0.3% to 3.7% in the farrowing stage and from 0.2% to 2.2% in the fattening stage. Figures were found to be rather robust as sensitivity analyses with more moderate GM impacts still led to cost price reductions for the majority of GM applications considered. The results may contribute to impact assessments of GM policies in a European production environment
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-15
JournalNJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
Volume64-65
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • dried porcine plasma
  • plant-based vaccines
  • coli k88 challenge
  • egg-yolk antibody
  • early-weaned pigs
  • public-attitudes
  • modified food
  • fed diets
  • livestock
  • phytase

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