Exercise self-identity: interactions with social comparison and exercise behaviour

K.T. Verkooijen, G.J. de Bruijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Possible interactions among exercise self-identity, social comparison and exercise behaviour were explored in a sample of 417 undergraduate students (Mean age¿=¿21.5, SD¿=¿3.0; 73% female). Two models were examined using self-report data; (1) a mediation model which proposed an association between social comparison and exercise behaviour mediated by exercise self-identity and (2) a moderation model proposing an association between exercise behaviour and self-identity moderated by social comparison. Results of the mediation analyses revealed partial mediation of the social comparison – exercise behaviour relationship by self-identity in females. Results of the moderation analyses revealed in males a significant interaction of social comparison with exercise behaviour in the prediction of self-identity – the positive association between exercise behaviour and exercise self-identity showed only significant among male students who believed to exercise equally much or less than peers. Possible explanations and implications for exercise promotion are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-499
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology, Health & Medicine
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • vigorous physical-activity
  • planned behavior
  • reasoned action
  • metaanalysis
  • norms
  • variables

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