Evolution of Plant Parasitism in the Phylum Nematoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Within the species-rich and trophically diverse phylum Nematoda, at least four independent major lineages of plant parasites have evolved, and in at least one of these major lineages plant parasitism arose independently multiple times. Ribosomal DNA data, sequence information from nematode-produced, plant cell wall–modifying enzymes, and the morphology and origin of the style(t), a protrusible piercing device used to penetrate the plant cell wall, all suggest that facultative and obligate plant parasites originate from fungivorous ancestors. Data on the nature and diversification of plant cell wall–modifying enzymes point at multiple horizontal gene transfer events from soil bacteria to bacterivorous nematodes resulting in several distinct lineages of fungal or oomycete-feeding nematodes. Ribosomal DNA frameworks with sequence data from more than 2,700 nematode taxa combined with detailed morphological information allow for explicit hypotheses on the origin of agronomically important plant parasites, such as root-knot, cyst, and lesion nematodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-310
JournalAnnual Review of Phytopathology
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

parasitism
Nematoda
parasites
ribosomal DNA
root lesion nematodes
cyst nematodes
Oomycetes
soil bacteria
root-knot nematodes
enzymes
ancestry
cell walls
cells

Keywords

  • root-knot nematode
  • rna gene-sequences
  • small-subunit rdna
  • n. sp nematoda
  • ribosomal-rna
  • molecular phylogeny
  • cyst nematodes
  • beta-1,4-endoglucanase genes
  • tylenchoidea nematoda
  • aphelenchus-avenae

Cite this

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title = "Evolution of Plant Parasitism in the Phylum Nematoda",
abstract = "Within the species-rich and trophically diverse phylum Nematoda, at least four independent major lineages of plant parasites have evolved, and in at least one of these major lineages plant parasitism arose independently multiple times. Ribosomal DNA data, sequence information from nematode-produced, plant cell wall–modifying enzymes, and the morphology and origin of the style(t), a protrusible piercing device used to penetrate the plant cell wall, all suggest that facultative and obligate plant parasites originate from fungivorous ancestors. Data on the nature and diversification of plant cell wall–modifying enzymes point at multiple horizontal gene transfer events from soil bacteria to bacterivorous nematodes resulting in several distinct lineages of fungal or oomycete-feeding nematodes. Ribosomal DNA frameworks with sequence data from more than 2,700 nematode taxa combined with detailed morphological information allow for explicit hypotheses on the origin of agronomically important plant parasites, such as root-knot, cyst, and lesion nematodes.",
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author = "C.W. Quist and G. Smant and J. Helder",
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pages = "289--310",
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Evolution of Plant Parasitism in the Phylum Nematoda. / Quist, C.W.; Smant, G.; Helder, J.

In: Annual Review of Phytopathology, Vol. 53, 2015, p. 289-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evolution of Plant Parasitism in the Phylum Nematoda

AU - Quist, C.W.

AU - Smant, G.

AU - Helder, J.

PY - 2015

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AB - Within the species-rich and trophically diverse phylum Nematoda, at least four independent major lineages of plant parasites have evolved, and in at least one of these major lineages plant parasitism arose independently multiple times. Ribosomal DNA data, sequence information from nematode-produced, plant cell wall–modifying enzymes, and the morphology and origin of the style(t), a protrusible piercing device used to penetrate the plant cell wall, all suggest that facultative and obligate plant parasites originate from fungivorous ancestors. Data on the nature and diversification of plant cell wall–modifying enzymes point at multiple horizontal gene transfer events from soil bacteria to bacterivorous nematodes resulting in several distinct lineages of fungal or oomycete-feeding nematodes. Ribosomal DNA frameworks with sequence data from more than 2,700 nematode taxa combined with detailed morphological information allow for explicit hypotheses on the origin of agronomically important plant parasites, such as root-knot, cyst, and lesion nematodes.

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KW - rna gene-sequences

KW - small-subunit rdna

KW - n. sp nematoda

KW - ribosomal-rna

KW - molecular phylogeny

KW - cyst nematodes

KW - beta-1,4-endoglucanase genes

KW - tylenchoidea nematoda

KW - aphelenchus-avenae

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EP - 310

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