Evapotranspiration of deforested areas in central and southwestern Amazonia

R.C.S. von Randow, C. Randow, R.W.A. Hutjes, J. Tomasella, B. Kruijt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Considering the high rates of evapotranspiration of Amazonian forests, understanding the impacts of deforestation on water loss rates is important for assessing those impacts on a regional and global scale. This paper quantifies evapotranspiration rates in two different pasture sites in Amazonia and evaluates the differences between the sites. In both places, measured evapotranspiration varies seasonally, decreasing during the dry season. The decrease is higher at the southwestern Amazonia site, while at the central Amazonia site, the decrease is less pronounced. During the dry season, average values of evapotranspiration are around 2.2¿±¿0.6 mm day-1 in central Amazonia and 2.4¿±¿0.6 mm day-1 in southwestern Amazonia, while during the wet season, those values are 2.1¿±¿0.6 mm day-1 in central Amazonia and 3.5¿±¿0.8 mm day-1 in southwestern Amazonia. On an annual basis, the pasture in southwestern Amazonia has higher evapotranspiration than in central Amazonia. We conclude that the main reason for this difference is the lower available energy in the wet season at the central Amazonian site, combined with a lower leaf area index at this site during the whole year. Still, the evapotranspiration is significantly controlled by the vegetation, which is well coupled with the local moisture conditions in the dry season
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-220
JournalTheoretical and Applied Climatology
Volume109
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • large-aperture scintillometer
  • net ecosystem exchange
  • tropical deforestation
  • surface conductance
  • sensible heat
  • water-vapor
  • rain-forest
  • long-term
  • pasture
  • fluxes

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