Reclamation and drainage of potential acid sulphate soils results in acidification and release of toxic elements, hampering their use for agriculture. Ecologically valuable habitats located downstream of reclamation areas may be disrupted. Proper water management is essential to a sustainable reclamation of these soils. The Simulation Model for Acid Sulphate Soils (SMASS) has been developed to predict the effects of water management on soil and water quality. A case-study in the Barambai area in Indonesia, for which six water management strategies were evaluated, illustrates how SMASS can be applied to make a scientifically based evaluation of water management strategies.
- acid soils
- acid sulfate soils