Evaluation of Nanopore Sequencing as a Diagnostic Tool for the Rapid Identification of Mycoplasma bavis from Individual and Pooled Respiratory Tract Samples

Jade Bokma*, Nick Vereecke, Mathilde L. Pas, Laurens Chantillon, Marianne Vahl, E. Weesendorp, R.H.C.A. Deurenberg, Hans J. Nauwynck, Freddy Haesebrouck, Sebastiaan Theuns, Filip Boyen, Bart Pardon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Rapid identification of Mycoplasma bovis infections in cattle is a key factor to guide antimicrobial therapy and biosecurity measures. Recently, Nanopore sequencing became an affordable diagnostic tool for both clinically relevant viruses and bacteria, but the diagnostic accuracy for M. bovis identification is undocumented. Therefore, in this study Nanopore sequencing was compared to rapid identification of M. bovis with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization–time of flight mass spectrometry (RIMM) and a triplex real-time PCR assay in a Bayesian latent class model (BLCM) for M. bovis in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALf) samples obtained from calves. In practice, pooling of samples is often used to save money, but the influence on diagnostic accuracy has not been described for M. bovis. Therefore, a convenience sample of 17 pooled samples containing 5 individual BALf samples per farm was analyzed as well. The results for the pooled samples were compared with those for the individual samples to determine sensitivity and specificity. The BLCM showed good sensitivity (77.3% [95% credible interval, 57.8 to 92.8%]) and high specificity (97.4% [91.5 to 99.7%]) for Nanopore sequencing, compared to RIMM (sensitivity, 93.0% [76.8 to 99.5%]; specificity, 91.3% [82.5 to 97.0%]) and real-time PCR (sensitivity, 94.6% [89.7 to 97.7%]; specificity, 86.0% [76.1 to 93.6%]). Sensitivity and specificity of pooled analysis for M. bovis were 85.7% (95% confidence interval, 59.8 to 111.6%) and 90.0% (71.4 to 108.6%%), respectively, for Nanopore sequencing and 100% (100% to 100%) and 88.9% (68.4 to 109.4%) for RIMM. In conclusion, Nanopore sequencing is a rapid, reliable tool for the identification of M. bovis. To reduce costs and increase the chance of M. bovis identification, pooling of 5 samples for Nanopore sequencing and RIMM is possible.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01110-21
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume59
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2021

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