The performance and prediction of eleven biogeochemical models, applied to the time-series data from a spruce site in Solling, Germany, were evaluated. All the models are deterministic and process-oriented. They represent a wide range of modelling approaches with respect to time and space resolution and complexity. The evaluation showed that the general trends and levels in chemical variables, such as soil solution pH, concentrations of base cations, sulphate and aluminium, and base saturation can bereproduced by the models. Most models cannot correctly model pH and aluminium concentrations simultaneously.
Kros, H., & Warfvinge, P. (1995). Evaluation of model behaviour with respect to the biogeochemistry at the Solling spruce site. Ecological Modelling, 83(1/2), 255-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3800(95)00103-3