Evaluation of low density polyethylene and nylon for delivery of synthetic mosquito attractants.

W.R. Mukabana, C.K. Mweresa, P. Omusula, B.O. Orindi, R.C. Smallegange, J.J.A. van Loon, W. Takken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Synthetic odour baits present an unexploited potential for sampling, surveillance and control of malaria and other mosquito vectors. However, application of such baits is impeded by the unavailability of robust odour delivery devices that perform reliably under field conditions. In the present study the suitability of low density polyethylene (LDPE) and nylon strips for dispensing synthetic attractants of host-seeking Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes was evaluated. METHODS: Baseline experiments assessed the numbers of An. gambiae mosquitoes caught in response to low density polyethylene (LDPE) sachets filled with attractants, attractant-treated nylon strips, control LDPE sachets, and control nylon strips placed in separate MM-X traps. Residual attraction of An. gambiae to attractant-treated nylon strips was determined subsequently. The effects of sheet thickness and surface area on numbers of mosquitoes caught in MM-X traps containing the synthetic kairomone blend dispensed from LDPE sachets and nylon strips were also evaluated. Various treatments were tested through randomized 4¿×¿4 Latin Square experimental designs under semi-field conditions in western Kenya. RESULTS: Attractant-treated nylon strips collected 5.6 times more An. gambiae mosquitoes than LDPE sachets filled with the same attractants. The attractant-impregnated nylon strips were consistently more attractive (76.95%; n¿=¿9,120) than sachets containing the same attractants (18.59%; n¿=¿2,203), control nylon strips (2.17%; n¿=¿257) and control LDPE sachets (2.29%; n¿=¿271) up to 40¿days post-treatment (P¿
Original languageEnglish
Article number202
Number of pages18
JournalParasites & Vectors
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • vector anopheles-gambiae
  • sensu-stricto diptera
  • human skin microbiota
  • semifield conditions
  • carbon-dioxide
  • traps
  • odor
  • behavior
  • culicidae
  • volatiles

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