Evaluation of ELISA and haemagglutination inhibition as screening tests in serosurveillance for H5/H7 avian influenza in commercial chicken flocks

M.E. Arnold, M.J. Slomka*, A.C. Breed, C.K. Hjulsager, S. Pritz-Verschuren, S. Venema-Kemper, R.J. Bouwstra, R. Trebbien, S. Zohari, V. Ceeraz, L.E. Larsen, R.J. Manvell, G. Koch, I.H. Brown

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Avian influenza virus (AIV) subtypes H5 and H7 can infect poultry causing low pathogenicity (LP) AI, but these LPAIVs may mutate to highly pathogenic AIV in chickens or turkeys causing high mortality, hence H5/H7 subtypes demand statutory intervention. Serological surveillance in the European Union provides evidence of H5/H7 AIV exposure in apparently healthy poultry. To identify the most sensitive screening method as the first step in an algorithm to provide evidence of H5/H7 AIV infection, the standard approach of H5/H7 antibody testing by haemagglutination inhibition (HI) was compared with an ELISA, which detects antibodies to all subtypes. Sera (n = 1055) from 74 commercial chicken flocks were tested by both methods. A Bayesian approach served to estimate diagnostic test sensitivities and specificities, without assuming any ‘gold standard’. Sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA was 97% and 99.8%, and for H5/H7 HI 43% and 99.8%, respectively, although H5/H7 HI sensitivity varied considerably between infected flocks. ELISA therefore provides superior sensitivity for the screening of chicken flocks as part of an algorithm, which subsequently utilises H5/H7 HI to identify infection by these two subtypes. With the calculated sensitivity and specificity, testing nine sera per flock is sufficient to detect a flock seroprevalence of 30% with 95% probability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-313
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume146
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • AIV (avian influenza virus)
  • Bayesian
  • ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)
  • H5/H7 AIV surveillance
  • HI (haemagglutination inhibition)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of ELISA and haemagglutination inhibition as screening tests in serosurveillance for H5/H7 avian influenza in commercial chicken flocks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this