Evaluation of a Generic Multisurface Sorption Model for Inorganic Soil Contaminants

J.J. Dijkstra, J.C.L. Meeussen, R.N.J. Comans

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53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of a multisurface sorption model approach, composed of well-accepted surface complexation models in combination with published “generic” parameter sets, is evaluated for its possible use in risk assessment. For that purpose, the leaching of a broad range of potential soil contaminants (Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Ba, Cr, Co, Mo, V, Sn, Sb, S, As, Se) from eight diffusely and industrially contaminated soils is predicted simultaneously without any parameter optimization. The model approach includes aqueous speciation in combination with sorption to organic matter (NICA-Donnan model), Fe/Al-(hydr)oxides (Generalized Two-Layer Model), and clay (Donnan model). Independent data generated by pH-static leaching experiments, performed with individual subsamples over a wide pH range (pH 0.4-12), provide a sensitive evaluation of the model performance. Root-mean-squared error values between predicted and measured log concentrations over the entire pH range, RMSElog, are
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6196-6201
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume43
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • incinerator bottom ash
  • surface complexation
  • heavy-metals
  • organic-matter
  • ion-binding
  • sandy soil
  • speciation
  • ferrihydrite
  • iron

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