Evaluating ecosystem services and disservices of livestock agroecosystems for targeted policy design and management

A. Bernués, T. Rodriguez-Ortega, A. Olaizola, R. Ripoll Bosch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

Abstract

We present a critical analysis of the positive and negative impacts of pasture-based livestock systems on the environment. We use the case of sheep and mixed sheep-crops systems in Mediterranean Spain to illustrate our arguments and results. In the first part of the paper, we enumerate some limitations in the use of the ecosystem services concept when applied to agriculture in general and grassland ecosystems in particular. Next, we present an expert-knowledge assessment of the relationships between Agricultural practices and a number of relevant ecosystem services identified in previous research. We introduce a Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) system based on these relationships that can be applied at the farm level and can accommodate different policy targets. In the second part of the paper, we critically discuss the use of live cycle analysis in grassland-based livestock systems to evaluate ecosystem disservices, using
as example the carbon footprint of lamb meat. We briefly discuss the limitations regarding the functional unit, the system boundary, the allocation approach, the availability of data, the consideration of carbon dynamics in soils, the land use management, and other sustainability factors.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGrassland resources for extensive farming systems in marginal lands: major drivers and future scenarios
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 19th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, Alghero, Italy, 7-10 May 2017
EditorsC. Porqueddu, A. Franca, G. Lombardi, G. Molle, G. Peratoner, A. Hopkins
PublisherOrganising Committee of the 19th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, CNR-ISPAAM
Pages259-267
ISBN (Electronic)9788890177187
ISBN (Print)9788890177194
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event19th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation: Grassland resources for extensive farming systems in marginal lands: major drivers and future scenarios - Alghero, Italy
Duration: 7 May 201710 May 2017
http://www.egf2017.org/

Publication series

NameGrassland science in Europe
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Volume22

Conference

Conference19th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation
CountryItaly
CityAlghero
Period7/05/1710/05/17
Internet address

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  • Cite this

    Bernués, A., Rodriguez-Ortega, T., Olaizola, A., & Ripoll Bosch, R. (2017). Evaluating ecosystem services and disservices of livestock agroecosystems for targeted policy design and management. In C. Porqueddu, A. Franca, G. Lombardi, G. Molle, G. Peratoner, & A. Hopkins (Eds.), Grassland resources for extensive farming systems in marginal lands: major drivers and future scenarios: Proceedings of the 19th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, Alghero, Italy, 7-10 May 2017 (pp. 259-267). (Grassland science in Europe; Vol. 22). Organising Committee of the 19th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, CNR-ISPAAM. https://edepot.wur.nl/417858