Background: The 27 countries in the European Union have a combined total of 177 million ha of forested and other wooded land. These are mainly characterised as semi-natural, multi-functional forests. Only about 13 million ha are characterised as plantationsi, although an additional 47 million ha are regarded as planted forests (Forest Europe 2011). European forests are highly diverse due to centuries of management in countries with different cultural objectives. Often the current management is nature oriented and so forests may not be used primarily for wood production. Wood provides only a small part of the income for many of the 16 million private owners according to the Confédération Européenne des Propriétaires Forestiers (CEPF 2013). These circumstances, plus sluggish demand for wood brought about by the current economic crisis, have generated challenges for the forestry sector. Demand for wood is expected to increase with expansion of the green economy and an increased emphasis on the use of bioenergy. Methods: Three forest management scenarios (analysed with the EFISCEN model) were used to project supply in response to demand for wood from EU forests over the next 50 years. Results: Shortening of broadleaved forest rotation length and planting 50% of the felled area with fast-growing coniferous species could increase coniferous wood supply from 473 to 561 million m3 y-1. Demand could reach more than 1200 million m3 y-1 by 2065. Conclusions: Conversion of 50% of broadleaved forest in EU27 countries to coniferous forest is not likely to satisfy the increased demand for wood expected by 2065.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Planted Forests|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||Third International Congress on Planted Forests, Bordeaux, France; Dublin, Ireland; Porto en Estoril, Portugal - |
Duration: 16 May 2013 → 21 May 2013
|Conference||Third International Congress on Planted Forests, Bordeaux, France; Dublin, Ireland; Porto en Estoril, Portugal|
|Period||16/05/13 → 21/05/13|
Nabuurs, G. J., Schelhaas, M., Orazio, C., Hengeveld, G. M., Tome, N., & Farrell, E. P. (2014). European perspective on the developments of planted forests, including projections to 2065. In Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Planted Forests (Vol. 44, pp. S8). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1186/1179-5395-44-S1-S8