Etic and Emic Perspectives on HIV/AIDS Impacts on Rural Livelihoods and Agricultural Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa

A. Niehof, L.L. Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using an HIV/AIDS lens in looking at developments in rural livelihoods and agricultural practice reveals a diversity of critical impacts of the epidemic. Still, in most of the countries hardest-hit by HIV/ AIDS the agricultural sector lacks adequate policies and programmes to deal with the crisis. This paper examines the results of research about HIV/AIDS impacts on rural livelihoods and agricultural practice in Sub-Saharan Africa that was carried out during the past five years. Most of the researchers concerned are affiliated with Wageningen University. A number of them contributed as authors to the present special issue. In the review and synthesis presented in this paper both an etic and an emic perspective are used. The etic picture is one of mixed evidence regarding the livelihood effects of HIV/AIDS. Eliciting the views of people living with HIV/AIDS (the emic perspective] revealed continuity between notions of health of the human body and health of crops and the natural environment. This is particularly relevant for the practice and language of extension services and the effectiveness of approaches used by organizations — governmental and non-governmental — that try to mitigate the impacts the epidemic has on farmers and rural livelihoods
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-153
JournalNJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • households
  • mortality
  • metaphor
  • disease
  • aids
  • hiv

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Etic and Emic Perspectives on HIV/AIDS Impacts on Rural Livelihoods and Agricultural Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this