Estimation of leaf area for large scale phenotyping and modeling of rose genotypes

M. Gao, G.W.A.M. van der Heijden, J. Vos, B.A. Eveleens, L.F.M. Marcelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leaf area is a major parameter in many physiological and plant modeling studies. When we want to use physiological models in plant breeding, we need to measure the leaf area for a large number of genotypes. This requires a fast and non-destructive method. In this study, we investigated whether for cut roses a statistical model of simple measurements of length and width of leaves, together with other information like relative rank and number of leaflets per leaf can provide an unbiased estimate of leaf area across many genotypes and environments. Harvestable shoots of 20 genotypes of cut roses (Rosa hybrida L.) were collected from 4 different commercially operated glasshouses in the Netherlands. Regression analysis of square root of leaf area source versus leaf length, leaf width, and leaflet number revealed several models that showed a high correlation for individual rose leaves. However, the factors genotype and environment were significant (P <0.001) indicating that there is no simple unbiased model across all genotypes and environments. Models ignoring genotypic information showed a 10% over- or underestimation of individual leaf area in at least 4 out of 20 genotypes. When genotype information was included in the model, good estimates of leaf area (R2 = 0.917, RMSE = 0.592, CV% = 6.7 and AIC = 8907) were obtained based on measurements of leaf width and leaflet number per leaf, so ignoring leaf length. This does require that the model should be calibrated for each specific genotype. For Dutch climate conditions, it was not necessary to calibrate the model per greenhouse environment, although there were considerable differences in leaf size between greenhouses. If the model was validated for total shoot leaf area, instead of individual leaves, similar results were obtained, but with higher accuracy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-234
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Volume138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Rosa
leaf area
phenotype
genotype
leaves
greenhouses
shoots
nondestructive methods
plant breeding
statistical models
Netherlands
regression analysis
climate

Keywords

  • co2 enrichment popface
  • capsicum-annuum-l
  • linear measurements
  • cell expansion
  • sweet-pepper
  • elevated co2
  • transpiration
  • environments
  • temperature
  • cucumber

Cite this

@article{ee34536e7c6241d79c7b29887eabdacc,
title = "Estimation of leaf area for large scale phenotyping and modeling of rose genotypes",
abstract = "Leaf area is a major parameter in many physiological and plant modeling studies. When we want to use physiological models in plant breeding, we need to measure the leaf area for a large number of genotypes. This requires a fast and non-destructive method. In this study, we investigated whether for cut roses a statistical model of simple measurements of length and width of leaves, together with other information like relative rank and number of leaflets per leaf can provide an unbiased estimate of leaf area across many genotypes and environments. Harvestable shoots of 20 genotypes of cut roses (Rosa hybrida L.) were collected from 4 different commercially operated glasshouses in the Netherlands. Regression analysis of square root of leaf area source versus leaf length, leaf width, and leaflet number revealed several models that showed a high correlation for individual rose leaves. However, the factors genotype and environment were significant (P <0.001) indicating that there is no simple unbiased model across all genotypes and environments. Models ignoring genotypic information showed a 10{\%} over- or underestimation of individual leaf area in at least 4 out of 20 genotypes. When genotype information was included in the model, good estimates of leaf area (R2 = 0.917, RMSE = 0.592, CV{\%} = 6.7 and AIC = 8907) were obtained based on measurements of leaf width and leaflet number per leaf, so ignoring leaf length. This does require that the model should be calibrated for each specific genotype. For Dutch climate conditions, it was not necessary to calibrate the model per greenhouse environment, although there were considerable differences in leaf size between greenhouses. If the model was validated for total shoot leaf area, instead of individual leaves, similar results were obtained, but with higher accuracy",
keywords = "co2 enrichment popface, capsicum-annuum-l, linear measurements, cell expansion, sweet-pepper, elevated co2, transpiration, environments, temperature, cucumber",
author = "M. Gao and {van der Heijden}, G.W.A.M. and J. Vos and B.A. Eveleens and L.F.M. Marcelis",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.scienta.2012.02.014",
language = "English",
volume = "138",
pages = "227--234",
journal = "Scientia Horticulturae",
issn = "0304-4238",
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}

Estimation of leaf area for large scale phenotyping and modeling of rose genotypes. / Gao, M.; van der Heijden, G.W.A.M.; Vos, J.; Eveleens, B.A.; Marcelis, L.F.M.

In: Scientia Horticulturae, Vol. 138, 2012, p. 227-234.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimation of leaf area for large scale phenotyping and modeling of rose genotypes

AU - Gao, M.

AU - van der Heijden, G.W.A.M.

AU - Vos, J.

AU - Eveleens, B.A.

AU - Marcelis, L.F.M.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Leaf area is a major parameter in many physiological and plant modeling studies. When we want to use physiological models in plant breeding, we need to measure the leaf area for a large number of genotypes. This requires a fast and non-destructive method. In this study, we investigated whether for cut roses a statistical model of simple measurements of length and width of leaves, together with other information like relative rank and number of leaflets per leaf can provide an unbiased estimate of leaf area across many genotypes and environments. Harvestable shoots of 20 genotypes of cut roses (Rosa hybrida L.) were collected from 4 different commercially operated glasshouses in the Netherlands. Regression analysis of square root of leaf area source versus leaf length, leaf width, and leaflet number revealed several models that showed a high correlation for individual rose leaves. However, the factors genotype and environment were significant (P <0.001) indicating that there is no simple unbiased model across all genotypes and environments. Models ignoring genotypic information showed a 10% over- or underestimation of individual leaf area in at least 4 out of 20 genotypes. When genotype information was included in the model, good estimates of leaf area (R2 = 0.917, RMSE = 0.592, CV% = 6.7 and AIC = 8907) were obtained based on measurements of leaf width and leaflet number per leaf, so ignoring leaf length. This does require that the model should be calibrated for each specific genotype. For Dutch climate conditions, it was not necessary to calibrate the model per greenhouse environment, although there were considerable differences in leaf size between greenhouses. If the model was validated for total shoot leaf area, instead of individual leaves, similar results were obtained, but with higher accuracy

AB - Leaf area is a major parameter in many physiological and plant modeling studies. When we want to use physiological models in plant breeding, we need to measure the leaf area for a large number of genotypes. This requires a fast and non-destructive method. In this study, we investigated whether for cut roses a statistical model of simple measurements of length and width of leaves, together with other information like relative rank and number of leaflets per leaf can provide an unbiased estimate of leaf area across many genotypes and environments. Harvestable shoots of 20 genotypes of cut roses (Rosa hybrida L.) were collected from 4 different commercially operated glasshouses in the Netherlands. Regression analysis of square root of leaf area source versus leaf length, leaf width, and leaflet number revealed several models that showed a high correlation for individual rose leaves. However, the factors genotype and environment were significant (P <0.001) indicating that there is no simple unbiased model across all genotypes and environments. Models ignoring genotypic information showed a 10% over- or underestimation of individual leaf area in at least 4 out of 20 genotypes. When genotype information was included in the model, good estimates of leaf area (R2 = 0.917, RMSE = 0.592, CV% = 6.7 and AIC = 8907) were obtained based on measurements of leaf width and leaflet number per leaf, so ignoring leaf length. This does require that the model should be calibrated for each specific genotype. For Dutch climate conditions, it was not necessary to calibrate the model per greenhouse environment, although there were considerable differences in leaf size between greenhouses. If the model was validated for total shoot leaf area, instead of individual leaves, similar results were obtained, but with higher accuracy

KW - co2 enrichment popface

KW - capsicum-annuum-l

KW - linear measurements

KW - cell expansion

KW - sweet-pepper

KW - elevated co2

KW - transpiration

KW - environments

KW - temperature

KW - cucumber

U2 - 10.1016/j.scienta.2012.02.014

DO - 10.1016/j.scienta.2012.02.014

M3 - Article

VL - 138

SP - 227

EP - 234

JO - Scientia Horticulturae

JF - Scientia Horticulturae

SN - 0304-4238

ER -