Estimation of extreme floods of the River Meuse using a stochastic weather generator and a rainfall-runoff model

R. Leander, A. Buishand, P. Aalders, M. de Wit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A stochastic weather generator has been developed to simulate long daily sequences of areal rainfall and station temperature for the Belgian and French sub-basins of the River Meuse. The weather generator is based on the principle of nearest-neighbour resampling. In this method rainfall and temperature data are sampled simultaneously from multiple historical records with replacement such that the temporal and spatial correlations are well preserved. Particular emphasis is given to the use of a small number of long station records in the resampling algorithm. The distribution of the 10-day winter maxima of basin-average rainfall is quite well reproduced. The generated sequences were used as input for hydrological simulations with the semi-distributed HBV rainfall¿runoff model. Though this model is capable of reproducing the flood peaks of December 1993 and January 1995, it tends to underestimate the less extreme daily peak discharges. This underestimation does not show up in the 10-day average discharges. The hydrological simulations with the generated daily rainfall and temperature data reproduce the distribution of the winter maxima of the 10-day average discharges well. Resampling based on long station records leads to lower rainfall and discharge extremes than resampling from the data over a shorter period for which areal rainfall was available.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1089-1103
JournalHydrological Sciences Journal
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • daily precipitation
  • time-series

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