Estimation of epidemiological cut-off values for eight antibiotics used for treatment of bovine mastitis caused by Streptococcus uberis and Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae

Vibeke Frøkjær Jensen, Peter Damborg*, Madelaine Norström, Bettina Nonnemann, Jannice Schau Slettemeås, Marit Smistad, Liv Sølverød, John Turnidge, Anne Margrete Urdahl, Kees Veldman, Alieda van Essen-Zandbergen, Lærke Boye Astrup

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Interpretive criteria for antimicrobial susceptibility testing are lacking for most antimicrobials used for bovine streptococcal mastitis. The objectives of this study were to determine (tentative) epidemiological cut-off ((T)ECOFF) values for clinically relevant antibiotics used for treatment of bovine mastitis, and to estimate the proportion of acquired resistance (non-wild-types) in Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae and Streptococcus uberis. A total of 255 S. uberis and 231 S. dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae isolates were obtained in Denmark and Norway from bovine mastitis. The isolates were tested for susceptibility to 10 antibiotics using broth microdilution. In accordance with the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) standard operating procedure, additional published MIC distributions were included for the estimation of ECOFFs for cloxacillin, cephapirin, lincomycin and tylosin, and TECOFFs for amoxicillin, benzylpenicillin, cephapirin and oxytetracycline. The proportion of non-wild-type (NWT) isolates for the beta-lactams was significantly higher in the Danish S. uberis (45–55%) compared to the Norwegian isolates (10–13%). For oxytetracycline, the proportion of NWT was significantly higher in the Danish isolates, both for S. uberis (28% vs. 3%) and S. dysgalactiae (22% vs. 0%). A bridging study testing in parallel MICs in a subset of isolates (n = 83) with the CLSI-specified and the EUCAST-specified broths showed excellent correlation between the MICs obtained with the two methods. The new ECOFFs and TECOFFs proposed in this study can be used for surveillance of antimicrobial resistance, and - for antimicrobials licensed for streptococcal bovine mastitis - as surrogate clinical breakpoints for predicting their clinical efficacy for this indication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109994
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume290
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Dairy cattle
  • Epidemiological cut-off
  • Mastitis
  • Minimum inhibitory concentration
  • Streptococcus

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