Estimating ET using scintillometers and satellites in an irrigated vineyard in the Costa De Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico

M. Mulder, J.A. Lopez-Ibarra, C.J. Watts, J.C. Rodriquez, O.K. Hartogensis, A.F. Moene

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

Abstract

Observation techniques for surface energy balance
components on kilometer scale. Several methods have been proposed to estimate ET over
large areas which combine Earth Observation Satellite data
with standard climate data. Here we use the Makkink
approach where incoming solar radiation is obtained by
calculating exoatmospheric incoming solar radiation, using
visible data from GOES West to estimate cloudiness and
16-day composite MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index data to
estimate fractional vegetation cover. This methodology can be
used operationally at a spatial resolution of 1 km2 but
validation data are required at a similar spatial scale. Large
Aperture Scintillometers transmit and receive near infrared
radiation over distances of several kilometers and provide
measurements of the structure parameter for the refractive
index of air which is related by Monin-Obukhov Similarity
Theory to the surface sensible heat flux (H), which requires
measurements of air temperature, pressure and wind speed.
ET can then be obtained indirectly as the residual of the
energy balance, ET = Rn – G – H so that we need estimates of
Net Radiation (Rn) and Soil Heat Flux (G) as well. A
scintillometer (Scintec BLS-450) was installed over an
irrigated vineyard with area of 72 hectares (1200m x 600m) in
June 6th 2009. Net Radiation was measured in the field and
soil heat flux was estimated using G = A * Rn, where the
parameter A was obtained from 8-day composite MODIS Land
Surface Temperature data. Comparison of ET derived from
satellite and scintillometer for June 2009 showed considerable
scatter with r2 = 0.81 and ETSAT = 1.12 * ETBLS. This
apparent overestimation from the satellite-based ET is similar
to that found in previous work. However, in these initial
calculations it was assumed that unstable conditions would
prevail during the daytime but it appears that stable
conditions often occur in the late afternoon. Secondly, the
estimation of G needs to be carefully revised since this can
have a large effect on ET. These factors are being included in
the analysis of data over an entire growing season to assess
the seasonal behavior of the model.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole
Pages195-198
Volume352
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventProceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole, Wyoming, USA, September 2010 -
Duration: 27 Sep 201030 Sep 2010

Publication series

NameIAHS publication
Number352

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole, Wyoming, USA, September 2010
Period27/09/1030/09/10

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vineyard
MODIS
heat flux
solar radiation
radiation balance
GOES
net radiation
sensible heat flux
surface energy
vegetation index
cloud cover
vegetation cover
spatial resolution
growing season
air temperature
wind velocity
methodology
air
climate
soil

Cite this

Mulder, M., Lopez-Ibarra, J. A., Watts, C. J., Rodriquez, J. C., Hartogensis, O. K., & Moene, A. F. (2013). Estimating ET using scintillometers and satellites in an irrigated vineyard in the Costa De Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. In Proceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole (Vol. 352, pp. 195-198). (IAHS publication; No. 352).
Mulder, M. ; Lopez-Ibarra, J.A. ; Watts, C.J. ; Rodriquez, J.C. ; Hartogensis, O.K. ; Moene, A.F. / Estimating ET using scintillometers and satellites in an irrigated vineyard in the Costa De Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Proceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole. Vol. 352 2013. pp. 195-198 (IAHS publication; 352).
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title = "Estimating ET using scintillometers and satellites in an irrigated vineyard in the Costa De Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico",
abstract = "Observation techniques for surface energy balancecomponents on kilometer scale. Several methods have been proposed to estimate ET overlarge areas which combine Earth Observation Satellite datawith standard climate data. Here we use the Makkinkapproach where incoming solar radiation is obtained bycalculating exoatmospheric incoming solar radiation, usingvisible data from GOES West to estimate cloudiness and16-day composite MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index data toestimate fractional vegetation cover. This methodology can beused operationally at a spatial resolution of 1 km2 butvalidation data are required at a similar spatial scale. LargeAperture Scintillometers transmit and receive near infraredradiation over distances of several kilometers and providemeasurements of the structure parameter for the refractiveindex of air which is related by Monin-Obukhov SimilarityTheory to the surface sensible heat flux (H), which requiresmeasurements of air temperature, pressure and wind speed.ET can then be obtained indirectly as the residual of theenergy balance, ET = Rn – G – H so that we need estimates ofNet Radiation (Rn) and Soil Heat Flux (G) as well. Ascintillometer (Scintec BLS-450) was installed over anirrigated vineyard with area of 72 hectares (1200m x 600m) inJune 6th 2009. Net Radiation was measured in the field andsoil heat flux was estimated using G = A * Rn, where theparameter A was obtained from 8-day composite MODIS LandSurface Temperature data. Comparison of ET derived fromsatellite and scintillometer for June 2009 showed considerablescatter with r2 = 0.81 and ETSAT = 1.12 * ETBLS. Thisapparent overestimation from the satellite-based ET is similarto that found in previous work. However, in these initialcalculations it was assumed that unstable conditions wouldprevail during the daytime but it appears that stableconditions often occur in the late afternoon. Secondly, theestimation of G needs to be carefully revised since this canhave a large effect on ET. These factors are being included inthe analysis of data over an entire growing season to assessthe seasonal behavior of the model.",
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Mulder, M, Lopez-Ibarra, JA, Watts, CJ, Rodriquez, JC, Hartogensis, OK & Moene, AF 2013, Estimating ET using scintillometers and satellites in an irrigated vineyard in the Costa De Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. in Proceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole. vol. 352, IAHS publication, no. 352, pp. 195-198, Proceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole, Wyoming, USA, September 2010, 27/09/10.

Estimating ET using scintillometers and satellites in an irrigated vineyard in the Costa De Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. / Mulder, M.; Lopez-Ibarra, J.A.; Watts, C.J.; Rodriquez, J.C.; Hartogensis, O.K.; Moene, A.F.

Proceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole. Vol. 352 2013. p. 195-198 (IAHS publication; No. 352).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

TY - GEN

T1 - Estimating ET using scintillometers and satellites in an irrigated vineyard in the Costa De Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico

AU - Mulder, M.

AU - Lopez-Ibarra, J.A.

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AB - Observation techniques for surface energy balancecomponents on kilometer scale. Several methods have been proposed to estimate ET overlarge areas which combine Earth Observation Satellite datawith standard climate data. Here we use the Makkinkapproach where incoming solar radiation is obtained bycalculating exoatmospheric incoming solar radiation, usingvisible data from GOES West to estimate cloudiness and16-day composite MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index data toestimate fractional vegetation cover. This methodology can beused operationally at a spatial resolution of 1 km2 butvalidation data are required at a similar spatial scale. LargeAperture Scintillometers transmit and receive near infraredradiation over distances of several kilometers and providemeasurements of the structure parameter for the refractiveindex of air which is related by Monin-Obukhov SimilarityTheory to the surface sensible heat flux (H), which requiresmeasurements of air temperature, pressure and wind speed.ET can then be obtained indirectly as the residual of theenergy balance, ET = Rn – G – H so that we need estimates ofNet Radiation (Rn) and Soil Heat Flux (G) as well. Ascintillometer (Scintec BLS-450) was installed over anirrigated vineyard with area of 72 hectares (1200m x 600m) inJune 6th 2009. Net Radiation was measured in the field andsoil heat flux was estimated using G = A * Rn, where theparameter A was obtained from 8-day composite MODIS LandSurface Temperature data. Comparison of ET derived fromsatellite and scintillometer for June 2009 showed considerablescatter with r2 = 0.81 and ETSAT = 1.12 * ETBLS. Thisapparent overestimation from the satellite-based ET is similarto that found in previous work. However, in these initialcalculations it was assumed that unstable conditions wouldprevail during the daytime but it appears that stableconditions often occur in the late afternoon. Secondly, theestimation of G needs to be carefully revised since this canhave a large effect on ET. These factors are being included inthe analysis of data over an entire growing season to assessthe seasonal behavior of the model.

M3 - Conference paper

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T3 - IAHS publication

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BT - Proceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole

ER -

Mulder M, Lopez-Ibarra JA, Watts CJ, Rodriquez JC, Hartogensis OK, Moene AF. Estimating ET using scintillometers and satellites in an irrigated vineyard in the Costa De Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. In Proceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Hole. Vol. 352. 2013. p. 195-198. (IAHS publication; 352).