Epigenetic Control May Explain Large Within-Plant Heterogeneity of Meiotic Behavior in Telocentric Trisomics of Rye

J. Sybenga, H.M. Verhaar, D.G.A. Botje

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In telocentric trisomics (telotrisomics) of organisms in which the chromosomes normally have two distinct arms, a single chromosome arm with a centromere is present in addition to a complete diploid set of chromosomes. It is the simplest form of polysomy and suitable for analyzing meiotic pairing and recombination patterns in situations where chromosomes compete for pairing. When no suitable meiotic chromosome markers are available, four metaphase I configurations can be distinguished. Their relative frequencies are indicative of the pairing and recombination patterns. In short arm (1RS) telotrisomics of chromosome 1R of rye (Secale cereale) we observed great differences in pairing and recombination patterns among spikes from different tillers and clones of the same plants. Anthers within spikes were only very rarely different. We analyzed a large number of genotypes, including inbreds as well as hybrids. The effects of genetic and environmental conditions on heterogeneity, if any, were limited. Considering that the reproductive tissue of a spike is derived from one primordial cell, it seems that at the start of sexual differentiation there was variation among cells in chromosomal control, which at meiosis determines pairing and crossing-over competence. We suggest that it is an epigenetic system that rigidly maintains this pattern through generative differentiation. In competitive situations the combination most competent for pairing will pair preferentially, forming specific meiotic configurations with different frequencies for different spikes of the same plant. This would explain the heterogeneity between spikes and the homogeneity within spikes. The epigenetic system could involve chromatin conformation or DNA methylation. There were no signs of heterochromatinization
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1915-1926
JournalGenetics
Volume178
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • secale-cereale l
  • chromosomes
  • recombination
  • meiosis

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