Enzyme assisted protein extraction from rapeseed, soybean, and microalgae meals

Y.W. Sari, M.E. Bruins, J.P.M. Sanders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

112 Citations (Scopus)


Oilseed meals that are by-products from oil production are potential resources for protein. The aim of this work is to investigate the use of enzymes in assisting in the extraction of protein from different oilseed meals, namely rapeseed, soybean, and microalgae meals. In addition, microalgae without prior oil removal was also tested. The extraction was performed varying temperature, pH, and type of enzyme. More protein was extracted at alkaline conditions, compared to acidic conditions. At alkaline pH, 80% protein of soybean meal and 15–30% protein of rapeseed and microalgae meals was extracted without enzyme addition. The addition of enzyme under this condition increased protein extraction yield to 90% for soybean meal and 50–80% for rapeseed and microalgae meals. Here, Protex 40XL, Protex P, and Protex 5L that work at alkaline pH assisted protein extraction particularly for rapeseed and microalgae meals. Microalgae without prior oil removal had the lowest protein extraction yield, illustrating that oil removal prior to protein extraction is beneficial for protein recovery. In general, protein extraction was influenced by pH, the type of biomass, and the addition of enzyme, but not by the type of enzyme that was used.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-83
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • functional-properties
  • soy protein
  • antioxidant capacity
  • conversion factors
  • phenolic-acids
  • products
  • chemicals
  • biomass
  • alkaline
  • heat


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