Enzymatic saccharification of sugar beet pulp for the production of galacturonic acid and arabinose; a study on the impact of the formation of recalcitrant oligosaccharides

A.G.M. Leijdekkers, J.P.M. Bink, S. Geutjes, H.A. Schols, H. Gruppen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enzymatic saccharification of sugar beet pulp was optimized on kg-scale to release the maximum amounts of monomeric galacturonic acid and arabinose with limited concomitant degradation of cellulose, using conditions that are feasible for industrial upscaling. A selected mixture of pectinases released 79% of the galacturonic acid and 82% of the arabinose as monomers from sugar beet pulp while simultaneously degrading only 17% of the cellulose. The recalcitrant structures that were obtained after hydrolysis were characterized using mass spectrometry. The most abundant structures had an average degree of polymerization of 4–5. They were identified as partially acetylated rhamnogalacturonan-oligosaccharides, mostly containing a terminal galacturonosyl residue on both reducing and non-reducing end, partially methyl esterified/acetylated homogalacturonan-oligosaccharides, mostly containing methyl and acetyl esters at contiguous galacturonosyl residues and arabinan-oligosaccharides, hypothesized to be mainly branched. It could be concluded that especially rhamnogalacturonan-galacturonohydrolase, arabinofuranosidase and pectin acetylesterase are lacking for further degradation of recalcitrant oligosaccharides
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-525
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume128
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • rhamnogalacturonan regions
  • ethanol-production
  • pectin
  • fermentation
  • hydrolysis
  • polysaccharides
  • pretreatment
  • cellulose
  • enzymes

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