Environmental surveillance during an outbreak of tularaemia in hares, the Netherlands, 2015

Ingmar Janse*, M. Maas, J.M. Rijks, M. Koene, R.Q. van der Plaats, M. Engelsma, P.W.L. Tas, M. Braks, A. Stroo, D.W. Notermans, M.C. de Vries, F.A.G. Reubsaet, E. Fanoy, C.M. Swaan, M.J. Kik, J. Ijzer, R.I. Jaarsma, S. van Wieren, A.M. de Roda Husman, M. van Passel & 2 others H. Roest, J. van der Giessen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tularaemia, a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, is a re-emerging zoonosis in the Netherlands. After sporadic human and hare cases occurred in the period 2011 to 2014, a cluster of F. tularensis-infected hares was recognised in a region in the north of the Netherlands from February to May 2015. No human cases were identified, including after active case finding. Presence of F. tularensis was investigated in potential reservoirs and transmission routes, including common voles, arthropod vectors and surface waters. F. tularensis was not detected in common voles, mosquito larvae or adults, tabanids or ticks. However, the bacterium was detected in water and sediment samples collected in a limited geographical area where infected hares had also been found. These results demonstrate that water monitoring could provide valuable information regarding F. tularensis spread and persistence, and should be used in addition to disease surveillance in wildlife.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEurosurveillance
Volume22
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Francisella tularensis
Tularemia
Hares
Environmental Monitoring
Netherlands
Disease Outbreaks
Arvicolinae
Water
Arthropod Vectors
Bacteria
Zoonoses
Ticks
Culicidae
Larva

Cite this

Janse, Ingmar ; Maas, M. ; Rijks, J.M. ; Koene, M. ; van der Plaats, R.Q. ; Engelsma, M. ; Tas, P.W.L. ; Braks, M. ; Stroo, A. ; Notermans, D.W. ; de Vries, M.C. ; Reubsaet, F.A.G. ; Fanoy, E. ; Swaan, C.M. ; Kik, M.J. ; Ijzer, J. ; Jaarsma, R.I. ; van Wieren, S. ; de Roda Husman, A.M. ; van Passel, M. ; Roest, H. ; van der Giessen, J. / Environmental surveillance during an outbreak of tularaemia in hares, the Netherlands, 2015. In: Eurosurveillance. 2017 ; Vol. 22, No. 35.
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title = "Environmental surveillance during an outbreak of tularaemia in hares, the Netherlands, 2015",
abstract = "Tularaemia, a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, is a re-emerging zoonosis in the Netherlands. After sporadic human and hare cases occurred in the period 2011 to 2014, a cluster of F. tularensis-infected hares was recognised in a region in the north of the Netherlands from February to May 2015. No human cases were identified, including after active case finding. Presence of F. tularensis was investigated in potential reservoirs and transmission routes, including common voles, arthropod vectors and surface waters. F. tularensis was not detected in common voles, mosquito larvae or adults, tabanids or ticks. However, the bacterium was detected in water and sediment samples collected in a limited geographical area where infected hares had also been found. These results demonstrate that water monitoring could provide valuable information regarding F. tularensis spread and persistence, and should be used in addition to disease surveillance in wildlife.",
author = "Ingmar Janse and M. Maas and J.M. Rijks and M. Koene and {van der Plaats}, R.Q. and M. Engelsma and P.W.L. Tas and M. Braks and A. Stroo and D.W. Notermans and {de Vries}, M.C. and F.A.G. Reubsaet and E. Fanoy and C.M. Swaan and M.J. Kik and J. Ijzer and R.I. Jaarsma and {van Wieren}, S. and {de Roda Husman}, A.M. and {van Passel}, M. and H. Roest and {van der Giessen}, J.",
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language = "English",
volume = "22",
journal = "Eurosurveillance",
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Janse, I, Maas, M, Rijks, JM, Koene, M, van der Plaats, RQ, Engelsma, M, Tas, PWL, Braks, M, Stroo, A, Notermans, DW, de Vries, MC, Reubsaet, FAG, Fanoy, E, Swaan, CM, Kik, MJ, Ijzer, J, Jaarsma, RI, van Wieren, S, de Roda Husman, AM, van Passel, M, Roest, H & van der Giessen, J 2017, 'Environmental surveillance during an outbreak of tularaemia in hares, the Netherlands, 2015', Eurosurveillance, vol. 22, no. 35. https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.35.30607

Environmental surveillance during an outbreak of tularaemia in hares, the Netherlands, 2015. / Janse, Ingmar; Maas, M.; Rijks, J.M.; Koene, M.; van der Plaats, R.Q.; Engelsma, M.; Tas, P.W.L.; Braks, M.; Stroo, A.; Notermans, D.W.; de Vries, M.C.; Reubsaet, F.A.G.; Fanoy, E. ; Swaan, C.M.; Kik, M.J.; Ijzer, J.; Jaarsma, R.I.; van Wieren, S.; de Roda Husman, A.M.; van Passel, M.; Roest, H.; van der Giessen, J.

In: Eurosurveillance, Vol. 22, No. 35, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental surveillance during an outbreak of tularaemia in hares, the Netherlands, 2015

AU - Janse, Ingmar

AU - Maas, M.

AU - Rijks, J.M.

AU - Koene, M.

AU - van der Plaats, R.Q.

AU - Engelsma, M.

AU - Tas, P.W.L.

AU - Braks, M.

AU - Stroo, A.

AU - Notermans, D.W.

AU - de Vries, M.C.

AU - Reubsaet, F.A.G.

AU - Fanoy, E.

AU - Swaan, C.M.

AU - Kik, M.J.

AU - Ijzer, J.

AU - Jaarsma, R.I.

AU - van Wieren, S.

AU - de Roda Husman, A.M.

AU - van Passel, M.

AU - Roest, H.

AU - van der Giessen, J.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Tularaemia, a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, is a re-emerging zoonosis in the Netherlands. After sporadic human and hare cases occurred in the period 2011 to 2014, a cluster of F. tularensis-infected hares was recognised in a region in the north of the Netherlands from February to May 2015. No human cases were identified, including after active case finding. Presence of F. tularensis was investigated in potential reservoirs and transmission routes, including common voles, arthropod vectors and surface waters. F. tularensis was not detected in common voles, mosquito larvae or adults, tabanids or ticks. However, the bacterium was detected in water and sediment samples collected in a limited geographical area where infected hares had also been found. These results demonstrate that water monitoring could provide valuable information regarding F. tularensis spread and persistence, and should be used in addition to disease surveillance in wildlife.

AB - Tularaemia, a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, is a re-emerging zoonosis in the Netherlands. After sporadic human and hare cases occurred in the period 2011 to 2014, a cluster of F. tularensis-infected hares was recognised in a region in the north of the Netherlands from February to May 2015. No human cases were identified, including after active case finding. Presence of F. tularensis was investigated in potential reservoirs and transmission routes, including common voles, arthropod vectors and surface waters. F. tularensis was not detected in common voles, mosquito larvae or adults, tabanids or ticks. However, the bacterium was detected in water and sediment samples collected in a limited geographical area where infected hares had also been found. These results demonstrate that water monitoring could provide valuable information regarding F. tularensis spread and persistence, and should be used in addition to disease surveillance in wildlife.

U2 - 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.35.30607

DO - 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.35.30607

M3 - Article

VL - 22

JO - Eurosurveillance

JF - Eurosurveillance

SN - 1025-496X

IS - 35

ER -