Environmental risk assessment of pesticides in Ethiopia: a case of surface water systems

B.M. Teklu

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

Abstract

The current increase in application rate and usage frequency of application of pesticides in Ethiopia pose direct risks to surface water aquatic organisms and humans and cattle using surface water as a source of drinking water in rural parts of the country. A model based risk assessment as currently being used in Europe and elsewhere in the world is tailored to the Ethiopian situation to quantify the risks. Suitability of toxicity data used as an input for risk assessment usually taken from the temperate world was checked through simple toxicity testing of Ethiopian aquatic macroinvertebrates. Subsequent monitoring activities to see the actual residue levels of pesticides in rivers and temporary ponds adjacent to extensive farming activities was also done and results compared with model prediction values. Combining all this knowledge is believed to bring the current pesticide registration system in Ethiopia one step closer to be a more reliable method, protecting non-target organisms as well as the health of humans at risk.

Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van den Brink, Paul, Promotor
Award date20 Jun 2016
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789462578104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • surface water
  • water systems
  • water pollution
  • risk assessment
  • ecological risk assessment
  • pesticides
  • aquatic ecology
  • aquatic organisms
  • irrigation systems
  • ethiopia

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Environmental risk assessment of pesticides in Ethiopia: a case of surface water systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
  • PRRP-Ethiopia

    Teklu, B. & van den Brink, P.

    1/09/1120/06/16

    Project: PhD

Cite this