Environmental co-operatives reconnect farming, ecology and society

J.D. van der Ploeg, H. Renting

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


Regional diversity, diversified farming styles and endogenous development are hot issues in the current political debate on European agriculture. This article presents a historical overview of development experiences and elaborates on the emergence of environmental co-operatives in Dutch farming. They are unique ‘field laboratories’ for innovations toward sustainable rural development. The achievements in terms of environmental gains and social cohesion are coupled with cost reduction for the farmers and the state
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAncient Roots, New Shoots : Endogenous Development in Practice
EditorsB. Haverkort, K. van 't Hooft, W. Hiemstra
Place of PublicationLeusden [etc.]
PublisherCompas [etc.]
ISBN (Print)9781842773345
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • rural development
  • diversity
  • farming systems
  • sustainability
  • europe

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