Various leukocytes are involved in the reaction to counter Salmonella infection in chicken. The various leukocyte types react differently after an infection, since some clear the infection while others may cause dissemination of Salmonella throughout the chicken. Therefore, we investigated in vitro the entry and survival of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis in chicken cell lines of various cell types, including two macrophage cell lines, HD11 and MQ-NCSU (NCSU), two B-cell lines LSCC-1104-X5 (1104) and LSCC-RP9 (RP9), and a T-cell line MDCC-MSB-1 (MSB-1). The macrophages were able to internalize high numbers of S. Enteritidis. In contrast and as expected, cells of the T-cell line MSB-1 and the B-cell line RP9 internalized bacteria at a much lower level. After S. Enteritidis entered the macrophages, the number of intracellular S. Enteritidis decreased over time, so that after 48 h no more than 20% of the bacteria, which had entered, survived intracellularly. In contrast to macrophages, the number of S. Enteritidis in cells of the T-cell line MSB-1 and the B-cell line RP9 increased rapidly within 12 h post-inoculation. Thereafter the number of intracellular S. Enteritidis decreased only slowly. In conclusion, all three different cell types were able to control and to start clearing S. Enteritidis, although macrophages were far more effective compared to T- and B-cells. However, none of the cell lines were able to clear S. Enteritidis fully within 48 h. These results suggest that the three cell types play an important but different role in the dissemination and elimination of S. Enteritidis throughout the animal.