Enrichment of denitrifying methanotrophic bacteria from municipal wastewater sludge in a membrane bioreactor at 20 °C

C. Kampman, B.G. Temmink, T.L.G. Hendrickx, G. Zeeman, C.J.N. Buisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simultaneous nitrogen and methane removal by the slow growing denitrifying methanotrophic bacterium ‘Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera’ offers opportunities for a new approach to wastewater treatment. However, volumetric nitrite consumption rates should be increased by an order of magnitude before application in wastewater treatment becomes possible. A maximum volumetric nitrite consumption rate of 36 mg NO2--N/L d was achieved in a membrane bioreactor inoculated with wastewater sludge and operated at 20 °C. This rate is similar to maximum rates reported in literature, though it was thought that by strict biomass retention using membranes, higher rates would be achieved. In experiments lasting several years, growth was not stable: every experiment showed a decrease in activity after 1–2 years. The cause remains unknown. Rates increased after addition of copper and operating a membrane bioreactor at shorter hydraulic retention times. Further research should focus on long-term effects of copper addition and operation at hydraulic retention times in the order of hours using membrane bioreactors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-435
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume274
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • anaerobic treatment
  • sewage-treatment
  • methane

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