Enhancement of soil suppressiveness against Rhizoctonia solani in sugar beet by organic amendments

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Abstract

The efficacy of different organic soil amendments on disease suppression to Rhizoctoniasolani AG 2-2IIIB was tested in a bio-assay with sugar beet as a test plant. Lysobacter populations in soil were quantified as a possible mechanism for disease suppression. Disease spread through the bio-assay tank was significantly reduced up to 86, 83, 52, and 48% after amending the non-sterilized soil with yeast or chitin at a rate of 0.3% (w/w) in consecutive experiments. Inexpensive protein-rich waste products from food industry (i.e., feather, hoof, meat, blood and fish meal) also effectively increased Rhizoctonia-disease suppression. Several plant-derived products (e.g., spent mushroom compost, dried algae, spent brewer’s grain, Brassica seed meal) were not effective. Lysobacter populations naturally present in the soil were increased 3–10 fold (measured by a TaqMan quantitative PCR) in soils amended with organic compounds that stimulated Rhizoctonia-disease suppression. The role of Lysobacter as a key factor in Rhizoctonia-disease suppression, however, could not be confirmed by adding Lysobacter isolates to a sterilized soil amended with yeast or chitin. Hence, we hypothesize that unexplored biological factors were involved in disease suppression, since the tested soil became conducive after gamma-sterilization. The consistent enhancement of Rhizoctonia-disease suppression in sugar beet with yeast and chitin amendments, and the efficacy of inexpensive protein-rich waste products such as feather meal and hoof meal in our bio-assays, warrants further study in field experiments
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
JournalApplied Soil Ecology
Volume94
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • bacterial communities
  • nematode control
  • diversity
  • rhizosphere
  • variability
  • microflora
  • pathogens
  • fusarium
  • diseases
  • waste

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