For some time now, the concept of “energy landscape” is discussed in academia while more and more practising landscape architects contribute to the siting, designing, and assessment of renewable energy technologies (see Stremke et al. 2012). Yet, there remains some ambiguity what exactly is meant with “energy landscape” and, most importantly, how to shape landscapes that do not merely accommodate renewable energy technologies but that can be considered sustainable. The latter knowledge gap has been described as following: “While the desirability of renewable energy is not in doubt, comprehensive assessments of its sustainability … are, at present, not generally carried out” (Blaschke et al. 2013, 2). Prominent examples of the “clash between local rights to landscape and the more global logic of progress towards a low carbon economy” (van der Horst and Vermeylen 2011, 467) are the growing opposition against wind turbines and solar parks. Energy transition is indeed challenged by socio-economic forces but also, unfortunately, characterized by a lack of scrutiny when it comes to the notion of sustainability. German policy makers, for example, recently concluded that solar parks on farmland compete with food production, can therefore not be considered sustainable and should consequently receive lower feed-in tariffs. Could we not have anticipated this adverse effect of renewable energy provision on other ecosystem services before, based on solid science and experiences elsewhere? This paper is based on literature research, questionnaires, expert interviews and findings from research and design projects in the Netherlands.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the ECLAS Conference 2013|
|Editors||C. Sörensen, K. Liedtke|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Event||ECLAS Conference 2013, Hamburg Germany - |
Duration: 22 Sep 2013 → 25 Sep 2013
|Conference||ECLAS Conference 2013, Hamburg Germany|
|Period||22/09/13 → 25/09/13|