Enantiomeric separation of chiral polychlorinated biphenyls on B-cyclodextrin capillary columns by means of heart-cut multidimensional gas chromatography and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography. Application to food samples

L.R. Bordajandi, P. Korytar, J. de Boer, M.J. Gonzalez

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    43 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Three commercially available chiral capillary columns, Chirasil-Dex, BGB-176SE. and BGB-172, have been evaluated for the separation into enantiomers of the 19 chiral polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) congeners stable at room temperature. The enantiomers of 15 chiral PCBs were, at least to some extent, separated using these beta-cycloclextrin based columns. Multidimensional techniques, such as heart-cut multidimensional gas chromatography (heart-cut MDGC) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC x GC), were investigated for their ability to solve coelution problems with other PCBs present in commercial mixtures and real-life samples. Heart-cut MDGC improved the separation as compared to one-dimensional GC, and enantiomeric fractions of the investigated chiral PCBs could be determined free from interferences. However, limitations on the number of target compounds that can be transferred to the second column in a single run and, therefore, the time consumption, have led to the evaluation of GC x GC as an alternative for this type of analysis. With GC x GC, two column set-ups were tested, both having a chiral column as first-dimension column, and two different polar stationary phase columns in the second dimension. On using both column combinations, congeners 84, 91, 95, 132, 135, 136, 149, 174, and 176 could be determined free from coelutions with other PCBs. Results on the application of heart-cut MDGC to food samples such as milk and cheese are given, as well as the first results on the application of GC x GC to this type of samples.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)163-171
    JournalJournal of Separation Science
    Volume28
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • enantioselective determination
    • fractions
    • accumulation
    • atropisomers
    • ratios

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