Empty pockets, empty ponds? Disadoption of water harvesting technologies in Ethiopia

M.B. Wakeyo, C. Gardebroek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study analyses disadoption of water harvesting technologies in Ethiopia where the average disadiption rate in the sample areas is as high as 42%. Given that Ethiopia is a drought-prone country with 95% of its crop production being rain-fed, such a high disadoption rate for irrigation technologies is surprising and urges investigation. Using panel data on 332 Ethiopian farm households collected in 2005 and 2010 we estimate a logit model to identify factors underlying disadoption. We find farm-household, economic, technology-specific, and natural condition variables that relate to disadoption. Mainly, shortage of plastic-sheets, altitude, and distance to market increase disadoption whereas education, experience with water harvesting (learning-by-doing), farm profit, availability of family labour, access to credit, ease of selling output, growing perennial crops, and distance from natural water sources decrease the probability of disadiption. There is no evidence that malaria has a significant effect on disadoption. Based on these findings, improved supply of plastic sheets and motor pumps, and advise to afmers on appropriate crops, credit and improved market accesses could ontribute to decreasing disadoption of water harvesting technologies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-86
JournalJournal of Arid Environments
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • supplemental irrigation
  • agricultural extension
  • semiarid region
  • adoption
  • systems
  • productivity
  • africa
  • impact
  • china
  • soil

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