Emission index for evaluation of volatile organic compounds emitted from tomato plants in greenhouses

K. Takayama, R.M.C. Jansen, E.J. van Henten, F.W.A. Verstappen, H.J. Bouwmeester, H. Nishina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by plants allows us to monitor plant health status without touching the plant. To bring this technique a step further towards a practical plant diagnosis technique for greenhouse crop production, we have defined a numerical index named "Emission index" to evaluate VOC emissions from tomato plants isolated from ambient greenhouse air using an open-bottom chamber. The emission index of a VOC is a ratio of the concentration of the VOC in the air inside the chamber to that in the ambient greenhouse air and the index should be larger than one if the VOC is emitted by the plants in the chamber. Measurement of the emission indices of representative tomato VOCs proved that non-stressed tomato plants in a greenhouse emit n-hexanal, 2-carene, beta-phellandrene, alpha-copaene, beta-caryophyllene and (3E,7E)-4,8,12-trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene (TMTT), do not emit (Z)-3-hexenol, and might absorb and/or adsorb n-hexanol. Another experiment proved that a routine crop maintenance operation, i.e. removal of old leaves from the lower part of plants and removal of side shoots, enhances the emissions of n-hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenol, but does not enhance the emissions of alpha-copaene, methyl salicylate (MeSA) and TMTT. The results suggest that the measurement of emission index with the open-bottom chamber is a useful technique for monitoring VOC emissions by plants in a greenhouse under practical conditions. (C) 2012 IAgrE. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-228
JournalBiosystems Engineering
Volume113
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Volatile Organic Compounds
volatile organic compounds
Greenhouses
Lycopersicon esculentum
Volatile organic compounds
volatile organic compound
tomatoes
greenhouses
Crops
Air
air
beta-phellandrene
methyl salicylate
carene
plant health
index
evaluation
monitoring
salicylate
beta-caryophyllene

Keywords

  • mass-spectrometry
  • botrytis-cinerea
  • stress
  • system
  • health
  • design
  • light
  • scale

Cite this

Takayama, K. ; Jansen, R.M.C. ; van Henten, E.J. ; Verstappen, F.W.A. ; Bouwmeester, H.J. ; Nishina, H. / Emission index for evaluation of volatile organic compounds emitted from tomato plants in greenhouses. In: Biosystems Engineering. 2012 ; Vol. 113, No. 2. pp. 220-228.
@article{e452a730c6fc4b94bf5644f56f964a7c,
title = "Emission index for evaluation of volatile organic compounds emitted from tomato plants in greenhouses",
abstract = "Measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by plants allows us to monitor plant health status without touching the plant. To bring this technique a step further towards a practical plant diagnosis technique for greenhouse crop production, we have defined a numerical index named {"}Emission index{"} to evaluate VOC emissions from tomato plants isolated from ambient greenhouse air using an open-bottom chamber. The emission index of a VOC is a ratio of the concentration of the VOC in the air inside the chamber to that in the ambient greenhouse air and the index should be larger than one if the VOC is emitted by the plants in the chamber. Measurement of the emission indices of representative tomato VOCs proved that non-stressed tomato plants in a greenhouse emit n-hexanal, 2-carene, beta-phellandrene, alpha-copaene, beta-caryophyllene and (3E,7E)-4,8,12-trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene (TMTT), do not emit (Z)-3-hexenol, and might absorb and/or adsorb n-hexanol. Another experiment proved that a routine crop maintenance operation, i.e. removal of old leaves from the lower part of plants and removal of side shoots, enhances the emissions of n-hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenol, but does not enhance the emissions of alpha-copaene, methyl salicylate (MeSA) and TMTT. The results suggest that the measurement of emission index with the open-bottom chamber is a useful technique for monitoring VOC emissions by plants in a greenhouse under practical conditions. (C) 2012 IAgrE. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "mass-spectrometry, botrytis-cinerea, stress, system, health, design, light, scale",
author = "K. Takayama and R.M.C. Jansen and {van Henten}, E.J. and F.W.A. Verstappen and H.J. Bouwmeester and H. Nishina",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2012.08.004",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
pages = "220--228",
journal = "Biosystems Engineering",
issn = "1537-5110",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

Emission index for evaluation of volatile organic compounds emitted from tomato plants in greenhouses. / Takayama, K.; Jansen, R.M.C.; van Henten, E.J.; Verstappen, F.W.A.; Bouwmeester, H.J.; Nishina, H.

In: Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 113, No. 2, 2012, p. 220-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emission index for evaluation of volatile organic compounds emitted from tomato plants in greenhouses

AU - Takayama, K.

AU - Jansen, R.M.C.

AU - van Henten, E.J.

AU - Verstappen, F.W.A.

AU - Bouwmeester, H.J.

AU - Nishina, H.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by plants allows us to monitor plant health status without touching the plant. To bring this technique a step further towards a practical plant diagnosis technique for greenhouse crop production, we have defined a numerical index named "Emission index" to evaluate VOC emissions from tomato plants isolated from ambient greenhouse air using an open-bottom chamber. The emission index of a VOC is a ratio of the concentration of the VOC in the air inside the chamber to that in the ambient greenhouse air and the index should be larger than one if the VOC is emitted by the plants in the chamber. Measurement of the emission indices of representative tomato VOCs proved that non-stressed tomato plants in a greenhouse emit n-hexanal, 2-carene, beta-phellandrene, alpha-copaene, beta-caryophyllene and (3E,7E)-4,8,12-trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene (TMTT), do not emit (Z)-3-hexenol, and might absorb and/or adsorb n-hexanol. Another experiment proved that a routine crop maintenance operation, i.e. removal of old leaves from the lower part of plants and removal of side shoots, enhances the emissions of n-hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenol, but does not enhance the emissions of alpha-copaene, methyl salicylate (MeSA) and TMTT. The results suggest that the measurement of emission index with the open-bottom chamber is a useful technique for monitoring VOC emissions by plants in a greenhouse under practical conditions. (C) 2012 IAgrE. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by plants allows us to monitor plant health status without touching the plant. To bring this technique a step further towards a practical plant diagnosis technique for greenhouse crop production, we have defined a numerical index named "Emission index" to evaluate VOC emissions from tomato plants isolated from ambient greenhouse air using an open-bottom chamber. The emission index of a VOC is a ratio of the concentration of the VOC in the air inside the chamber to that in the ambient greenhouse air and the index should be larger than one if the VOC is emitted by the plants in the chamber. Measurement of the emission indices of representative tomato VOCs proved that non-stressed tomato plants in a greenhouse emit n-hexanal, 2-carene, beta-phellandrene, alpha-copaene, beta-caryophyllene and (3E,7E)-4,8,12-trimethyl-1,3,7,11-tridecatetraene (TMTT), do not emit (Z)-3-hexenol, and might absorb and/or adsorb n-hexanol. Another experiment proved that a routine crop maintenance operation, i.e. removal of old leaves from the lower part of plants and removal of side shoots, enhances the emissions of n-hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenol, but does not enhance the emissions of alpha-copaene, methyl salicylate (MeSA) and TMTT. The results suggest that the measurement of emission index with the open-bottom chamber is a useful technique for monitoring VOC emissions by plants in a greenhouse under practical conditions. (C) 2012 IAgrE. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - mass-spectrometry

KW - botrytis-cinerea

KW - stress

KW - system

KW - health

KW - design

KW - light

KW - scale

U2 - 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2012.08.004

DO - 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2012.08.004

M3 - Article

VL - 113

SP - 220

EP - 228

JO - Biosystems Engineering

JF - Biosystems Engineering

SN - 1537-5110

IS - 2

ER -