We examined the effect of prolonged elevated CO2 on the concentration of fungal- and bacterial-derived compounds by quantifying the soil contents of the amino sugars glucosamine, galactosamine and muramic acid. Soil samples were collected from three different terrestrial ecosystems (grassland, an aspen forest and a soybean/corn agroecosystem) that were exposed to elevated CO2 under FACE conditions for 3¿10 years. Amino sugars were extracted from bulk soil and analyzed by gas chromatography. Elevated CO2 did not affect the size or composition of the amino sugar pool in any of the systems. However, high rates of fertilizer N applications decreased the amount of fungal-derived residues in the grassland system. We suggest that these results are caused by a decrease in saprophytic fungi following high N additions. Furthermore, our findings imply that the contribution of saprophytic fungi and bacteria to SOM in the studied ecosystems is largely unaffected by elevated CO2.
- atmospheric co2
- grassland soils
van Groenigen, K. J., Six, J., Harris, D., & van Kessel, C. (2007). Elevated CO2 does not favor a fungal decomposition pathway. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39(8), 2168-2172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.03.009