Electrospun Polyurethane Fibers for Absorption of Volatile Organic Compounds from Air

E. Scholten, L. Bromberg, G.C. Rutledge, T.A. Hatton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrospun polyurethane fibers for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from air with rapid VOC absorption and desorption have been developed. Polyurethanes based on 4,4-methylenebis(phenylisocyanate) (MDI) and aliphatic isophorone diisocyanate as the hard segments and butanediol and tetramethylene glycol as the soft segments were electrospun from their solutions in N,N-dimethylformamide to form micrometer-sized fibers. Although activated carbon possessed a many-fold higher surface area than the polyurethane fiber meshes, the sorption capacity of the polyurethane fibers was found to be similar to that of activated carbon specifically designed for vapor adsorption. Furthermore, in contrast to VOC sorption on activated carbon, where complete regeneration of the adsorbent was not possible, the polyurethane fibers demonstrated a completely reversible absorption and desorption, with desorption obtained by a simple purging with nitrogen at room temperature. The fibers possessed a high affinity toward toluene and chloroform, but aliphatic hexane lacked the necessary strong attractive interactions with the polyurethane chains and therefore was less strongly absorbed. The selectivity of the polyurethane fibers toward different vapors, along with the ease of regeneration, makes them attractive materials for VOC filtration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3902-3909
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • shape-memory polyurethane
  • activated carbon
  • block-copolymers
  • polymer nanofibers
  • hard segment
  • adsorption
  • membranes
  • vapors
  • desorption
  • sorption

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