Electrospinning repellents in polyvinyl alcohol-nanofibres for obtaining mosquito-repelling fabrics

Lucy Ciera*, Lynda Beladjal, Lieve Van Landuyt, David Menger, Maarten Holdinga, Johan Mertens, Lieva Van Langenhove, Karen De Clerk, Tom Gheysens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Recently, the use of repellents for preventing the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases is getting increasingly more attention. However, most of the current repellents are volatile in nature and must be frequently re-applied as their efficacy is only limited to a short period of time. Therefore, a slow release and abrasion-resistant mechanism is needed for prolonging the protection time of the repellents. The focus of this study is on the direct micro-encapsulation of repellents from an emulsion and integration of already encapsulated repellents into nanofibres via electrospinning. Different repellents were electrospun in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibrous structures, namely p-menthane-3,8-diol micro-capsules, permethrin, chilli and catnip oil. The repellents were successfully incorporated in the nanofibres and the tensile properties of the resulting samples did not have a significant change. This means that the newly created textiles were identical to current PVA nanofibrous textiles with the added benefit of being mosquito repellent. Principally, all incorporated repellents in the nanofibrous structures showed a significantly reduced number of mosquito landings compared to the control. Consequently, the currently described method resulted in a new and very effective repelling textile material that can be used in the prevention against mosquito-associated diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number182139
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2019


  • Electrospinning
  • Emulsion
  • Micro-capsules
  • Mosquito
  • Repellent

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    Ciera, L., Beladjal, L., Van Landuyt, L., Menger, D., Holdinga, M., Mertens, J., Van Langenhove, L., De Clerk, K., & Gheysens, T. (2019). Electrospinning repellents in polyvinyl alcohol-nanofibres for obtaining mosquito-repelling fabrics. Royal Society Open Science, 6(8), [182139]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.182139