Electroporation-based delivery of proteins in Penium margaritaceum and other zygnematophycean algae

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Zygnematophycean algae represent the streptophyte group identified as the closest sister clade to land plants. Their phylogenetic position and growing genomic resources make these freshwater algae attractive models for evolutionary studies in the context of plant terrestrialization. However, available genetic transformation protocols are limited and exclusively DNA-based. To expand the zygnematophycean toolkit, we developed a DNA-free method for protein delivery into intact cells using electroporation. We use confocal microscopy coupled with fluorescence lifetime imaging to assess the delivery of mNeonGreen into algal cells. We optimized the method to obtain high efficiency of delivery and cell recovery after electroporation in two strains of Penium margaritaceum and show that the experimental setup can also be used to deliver proteins in other zygnematophycean species such as Closterium peracerosum-strigosum-littorale complex and Mesotaenium endlicherianum. We discuss the possible applications of this proof-of-concept method.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14121
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2023


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