Electrophoresis of diffuse soft particles

J.F.L. Duval, H. Ohshima

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Abstract

A theory is presented for the electrophoresis of diffuse soft particles in a steady dc electric field. The particles investigated consist of an uncharged impenetrable core and a charged diffuse polyelectrolytic shell, which is to some extent permeable to ions and solvent molecules. The diffuse character of the shell is defined by a gradual distribution of the density of polymer segments in the interspatial region separating the core from the bulk electrolyte solution. The hydrodynamic impact of the polymer chains on the electrophoretic motion of the particle is accounted for by a distribution of Stokes resistance centers. The numerical treatment of the electrostatics includes the possibility of partial dissociation of the hydrodynamically immobile ionogenic groups distributed throughout the shell as well as specific interaction between those sites with ions from the background electrolyte other than charge-determining ions. Electrophoretic mobilities are computed on the basis of an original numerical scheme allowing rigorous evaluation of the governing transport and electrostatic equations derived following the strategy reported by Ohshima, albeit within the restricted context of a discontinuous chain distribution. Attention is particularly paid to the influence of the type of distribution adopted on the electrophoretic mobility of the particle as a function of its size, charge, degree of permeability, and solution composition. The results are systematically compared with those obtained with a discontinuous representation of the interface. The theory constitutes a basis for interpreting electrophoretic mobilities of heterogeneous systems such as environmental or biological colloids or swollen/deswollen microgel particles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3533-3546
JournalLangmuir
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • poisson-boltzmann equation
  • grafted polyelectrolyte layers
  • spherical colloidal particle
  • segment density distribution
  • electrokinetic phenomena
  • microgel particles
  • network method
  • donnan potentials
  • surface-structure
  • ionic-strength

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  • Cite this

    Duval, J. F. L., & Ohshima, H. (2006). Electrophoresis of diffuse soft particles. Langmuir, 22(8), 3533-3546. https://doi.org/10.1021/la0528293