Efficacy of a modified live intranasal bovine respiratory syncytial virus vaccine in 3-week-old calves experimentally challenged with BRSV

I. Vangeel, A.F.G. Antonis, M. Fluess, A.R. Peters, S.S. Harmeyer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    38 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Two experimental bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) challenge studies were undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a single intranasal dose of a bivalent modified live vaccine containing BRSV in 3-week-old calves. In the first study, vaccine efficacy was evaluated in colostrum deprived (maternal antibody negative) calves 5, 10 and 21 days after vaccination. Nasal shedding of BRSV was significantly reduced in vaccinated calves challenged 10 or 21 days after vaccination. Virus excretion titres were also reduced in vaccinates challenged 5 days after vaccination but reduction in duration of shedding and total amount of virus shed were not statistically significant. Clinical disease after challenge in this study was mild. In the second study, vaccine efficacy was assessed in calves with maternal antibodies against BRSV by challenge 66 days post-vaccination. Vaccination significantly reduced nasal shedding after challenge and the severity of clinical disease was also reduced
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)627-635
    JournalThe Veterinary Journal
    Volume174
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • maternal antibodies
    • dairy calves
    • young calves
    • infection
    • disease
    • pathogenesis
    • pneumonia
    • cattle

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