Effects of xylanase and citric acid on the performance, nutrient retention, and characteristics of gastrointestinal tract of broilers fed low-phosphorus wheat-based diets

O. Esmaeilipour, M. Shivazad, H. Moravej, S. Aminzadeh, M. Rezaian, M.M. van Krimpen

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the effects of xylanase and citric acid on the performance, nutrient retention, jejunal viscosity, and size and pH of the gastrointestinal tract of broilers fed a low-P wheat-based diet. The experiment was conducted as a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement with 2 levels of xylanase (0 and 200 mg/kg) and 3 levels of citric acid (0, 20, and 40 g/kg). Each of the 6 dietary treatments was fed to 4 replicate pens (17 birds/pen) from 0 to 24 d of age. Chromium oxide (3 g/kg) was added to the diets as an indigestible marker to determine the apparent nutrient retention. No interaction effect was observed between xylanase and citric acid in any measured response. Xylanase did not affect feed intake but significantly increased BW gain by 3.6% (P <0.05) from 1 to 24 d of age and improved G:F by 3.9% (P <0.01). The inclusion of 40 g/kg of citric acid decreased (P <0.01) BW gain and feed intake by 8.6 and 12.5%, respectively. The inclusion of 20 and 40 g/kg of citric acid improved G:F by 2.3 and 4.5% (P <0.05), respectively. Xylanase significantly decreased the viscosity of digesta and improved the retention of DM, CP, and energy, but did not have a significant effect on the retention of fat and P. Inclusion of 20 and 40 g/kg of citric acid in the diets increased P retention by 15.8 and 16.3% (P <0.01), respectively. Citric acid significantly decreased the pH of crop contents (P <0.05). In conclusion, citric acid, at the 40 g/kg inclusion level, reduced feed intake and BW gain but improved G:F and P retention. Xylanase decreased digesta viscosity, increased nutrient retention, and consequently improved the performance of broilers fed the low-P wheat-based diet. Thus, adding 20 g/kg of citric acid, especially in the starter period, and 200 mg/kg of xylanase to low-P wheat-based diets can be helpful
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1975-1982
JournalPoultry Science
Volume90
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • polysaccharide-hydrolyzing enzymes
  • growth-performance
  • digestive-tract
  • intestinal viscosity
  • microbial phytase
  • blood parameters
  • nutritive-value
  • gut microflora
  • young chicks
  • digestibility

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