Effects of washing procedure, particle size and dilution on the distribution between non-washable, insoluble washable and soluble washable fractions in concentrate ingredients

A. Azarfar, S. Tamminga, H. Boer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of washing procedure, particle size and dilution on the distribution of non-washable (NWF), insoluble washable (ISWF) and soluble washable (SWF) fractions were studied. The effects of three washing procedures (Yang (Y), Melin (M) and in situ (IS)) on the size of NWF, ISWF and SWF in six concentrate ingredients (maize, barley, milo, peas, lupins and faba beans), ground at two different particle sizes, were compared. Method M was further developed (method SM) by reducing the dilution ratio; its effect on NWF, ISWF and SWF was compared. A new washing method was developed (method AA) which involved continuous washing of nylon bags in a centrifuge beaker; its effect on NWF, ISWF and SWF at different dilutions with water was compared with the IS, M, SM and Y methods. The effects of different dilutions on SWF and soluble true protein (STP) in six concentrate ingredients were studied. The effects of grain, washing method and particle size on the size of NWF and ISWF were significant, with significant interactions between grain and particle size, grain and washing method, particle size and washing method, but no interaction between grain type, washing method and particle size. In method Y the size of NWF was smaller than in the other methods. The results showed that, except in lupins, NWF in grains was significantly higher than in legume seeds. Increasing the particle size significantly increased NWF, whereas ISWF was decreased. The size of SWF in legume seeds was higher than in the grains. Increasing the dilution, increased STP in legume seeds, but not in grains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2390-2398
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume87
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • dairy-cows
  • protein
  • rumen
  • degradability
  • starch
  • energy
  • sacco
  • digestibility
  • degradation
  • feedstuffs

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