Probing behaviour as affected by a previous infestation was studied in two aphid species on their respective host plants. Probing behaviour by Aphis fabae (reported to have beneficial effects when living in colonies) and Rhopalosiphum padi (without known beneficial effects) was studied using the electrical penetration graph (EPG) technique. In A. fabae the main effects were longer and more continuous sap ingestion, and less salivation into sieve elements before sap ingestion. These suggest phloem factors. Nevertheless, mesophyll and non-vascular tissues are likely to be involved to a lesser extent, as reflected by fewer non-probing periods before the first phloem phase on previously colonised leaves as compared to clean leaves. Total honeydew production increased on a previously colonised leaf due to the prolonged sap ingestion periods but the excretion rate was not affected, indicating that the ingestion rate remained unaltered. R. padi did not show responses to previous colonisation. It is hypothesized that the changes in probing behaviour are due to changed plant properties, chemical contents of sieve element sap and/or physiological changes induced by the saliva from the colony.
Prado, E., & Tjallingii, W. F. (1997). Effects of previous plant infestation on sieve element acceptance by two aphids. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 82(2), 189-200. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1002952806375