Effects of early life experience on the adaptation capacity during infectious challenges; laying hens as a model animal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstract

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether the adaptation capacity of rearing hens during infectious challenges can be influenced by manipulation of early life conditions. Chicken embryos (Lohmann Brown) were exposed to either an egg shell temperature (EST) of 36.7ºC in wk1, 37.8ºC in wk2 and 38.9ºC in wk3 of incubation (standard incubation; n = 176) or an EST of 37.8ºC continuously (optimal incubation; n = 176). After hatch, chicks from the optimal incubation treatment were transported to a room at 34ºC, with access to feed and water, while standard incubated chicks remained in the incubator to simulate commercial circumstances. All chicks were vaccinated against infectious bronchitis (IB) and Newcastle Disease (NCD). Until week 7, half the chickens of both incubation treatments were reared in cages (conventional treatment), the other half in floor housing with litter and perches (enriched treatment). Housing conditions were equal from week 7 until 15. All chickens were challenged with a coccidiosis and infectious bronchitis infection at 8 and 13 weeks of age, respectively. Read-out parameters were intestinal lesions due to coccidiosis and IB antibody titres. Data was analyzed using a Chi-square and GLM procedure respectively. Results demonstrated that an enriched environment significantly decreased the severity of intestinal lesions (P
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBook of Abstracts of the 8th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, Cervia, Italy, 18-22 May 2009
EditorsS. Barbieri, V. Ferrante, S. Lolli, G. Sayegh
Pages136
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event8th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare -
Duration: 18 May 200922 May 2009

Conference

Conference8th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare
Period18/05/0922/05/09

    Fingerprint

Cite this

Walstra, I., ten Napel, J., Kemp, B., & van den Brand, H. (2009). Effects of early life experience on the adaptation capacity during infectious challenges; laying hens as a model animal. In S. Barbieri, V. Ferrante, S. Lolli, & G. Sayegh (Eds.), Book of Abstracts of the 8th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, Cervia, Italy, 18-22 May 2009 (pp. 136)