Blue whiting Micromesistius poutassou mean total length at age in the north-east Atlantic Ocean was found to vary by around ±6% during the period 2004–2011 and mean mass at age by ±22% during the years 1981–2013. Linear modelling provided strong evidence that these phenotypic growth variations can be explained by trophic conditions, mainly negative density dependence and also food availability, and a negative long-term temperature effect on asymptotic size.
Trenkel, V. M., Lorance, P., Fassler, S. M. M., & Hoines, A. S. (2015). Effects of density dependence, zooplankton and temperature on blue whiting Micromesistius poutassou growth. Journal of Fish Biology, 87(4), 1019-1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12775