Effects of conservation agriculture on crop yields, soil aggregation, and C & N dynamics in a soybean-maize rotation in western Kenya

B.K. Paul, F. Ayuke, A. Gassner, M. Hoogmoed, T.T. Hurisso, D. Lelei, T. Ndabamenye, J. Six, B. Vanlauwe, M.M. Pulleman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstract

Abstract

Reduced tillage systems and controlled traffic farming (CTF) are being implemented in the Netherlands to lessen compaction and improve soil physical quality. Changes observed in soil physical quality after reducing tillage and starting controlled traffic are often attributed to ecosystem engineers such as earthworms. Through the burrowing and casting behaviours of diverse earthworm species these soil physical functions may be affected differentially between reduced tillage systems. It was hypothesized that reduced tillage systems, where soil is not inverted during tillage, and controlled traffic will promote earthworm density and diversity and therefore encourage an improvement in soil physical quality (soil water retention and infiltration). Two replicated field experiments in randomized complete block designs were performed on organic farms in Flevoland, the Netherlands. The soils are marine loams and climatic data was collected from nearby weather stations. Different tillage treatments with or without controlled traffic were compared. Earthworm abundance, biomass and species were assessed during biannual sampling in the spring and fall of 2009, 2010 and 2011. Soil water retention, infiltration, penetration resistance, aggregate stability and saturated hydraulic conductivity were measured in the fall of 2010 and spring of 2011. Controlled traffic showed a significant positive effect on earthworm density, infiltration capacity and reduced penetration resistance. Data on the effect of tillage system is thus far not conclusive, possibly due to insufficient time for changes to occur, however data from an additional season will be added for this conference
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstract Book of the Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18-22 September2011
EditorsS. Keestra, G. Mol
Pages211-211
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventWageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands -
Duration: 18 Sep 201122 Sep 2011

Conference

ConferenceWageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Period18/09/1122/09/11

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soil aggregation
controlled traffic systems
Kenya
crop yield
tillage
earthworms
soybeans
agriculture
corn
soil
reduced tillage
infiltration (hydrology)
soil water retention
weather stations
resistance to penetration
aggregate stability
burrowing
engineers
Netherlands
farms

Cite this

Paul, B. K., Ayuke, F., Gassner, A., Hoogmoed, M., Hurisso, T. T., Lelei, D., ... Pulleman, M. M. (2011). Effects of conservation agriculture on crop yields, soil aggregation, and C & N dynamics in a soybean-maize rotation in western Kenya. In S. Keestra, & G. Mol (Eds.), Abstract Book of the Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18-22 September2011 (pp. 211-211)
Paul, B.K. ; Ayuke, F. ; Gassner, A. ; Hoogmoed, M. ; Hurisso, T.T. ; Lelei, D. ; Ndabamenye, T. ; Six, J. ; Vanlauwe, B. ; Pulleman, M.M. / Effects of conservation agriculture on crop yields, soil aggregation, and C & N dynamics in a soybean-maize rotation in western Kenya. Abstract Book of the Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18-22 September2011. editor / S. Keestra ; G. Mol. 2011. pp. 211-211
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abstract = "Reduced tillage systems and controlled traffic farming (CTF) are being implemented in the Netherlands to lessen compaction and improve soil physical quality. Changes observed in soil physical quality after reducing tillage and starting controlled traffic are often attributed to ecosystem engineers such as earthworms. Through the burrowing and casting behaviours of diverse earthworm species these soil physical functions may be affected differentially between reduced tillage systems. It was hypothesized that reduced tillage systems, where soil is not inverted during tillage, and controlled traffic will promote earthworm density and diversity and therefore encourage an improvement in soil physical quality (soil water retention and infiltration). Two replicated field experiments in randomized complete block designs were performed on organic farms in Flevoland, the Netherlands. The soils are marine loams and climatic data was collected from nearby weather stations. Different tillage treatments with or without controlled traffic were compared. Earthworm abundance, biomass and species were assessed during biannual sampling in the spring and fall of 2009, 2010 and 2011. Soil water retention, infiltration, penetration resistance, aggregate stability and saturated hydraulic conductivity were measured in the fall of 2010 and spring of 2011. Controlled traffic showed a significant positive effect on earthworm density, infiltration capacity and reduced penetration resistance. Data on the effect of tillage system is thus far not conclusive, possibly due to insufficient time for changes to occur, however data from an additional season will be added for this conference",
author = "B.K. Paul and F. Ayuke and A. Gassner and M. Hoogmoed and T.T. Hurisso and D. Lelei and T. Ndabamenye and J. Six and B. Vanlauwe and M.M. Pulleman",
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pages = "211--211",
editor = "S. Keestra and G. Mol",
booktitle = "Abstract Book of the Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18-22 September2011",

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Paul, BK, Ayuke, F, Gassner, A, Hoogmoed, M, Hurisso, TT, Lelei, D, Ndabamenye, T, Six, J, Vanlauwe, B & Pulleman, MM 2011, Effects of conservation agriculture on crop yields, soil aggregation, and C & N dynamics in a soybean-maize rotation in western Kenya. in S Keestra & G Mol (eds), Abstract Book of the Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18-22 September2011. pp. 211-211, Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18/09/11.

Effects of conservation agriculture on crop yields, soil aggregation, and C & N dynamics in a soybean-maize rotation in western Kenya. / Paul, B.K.; Ayuke, F.; Gassner, A.; Hoogmoed, M.; Hurisso, T.T.; Lelei, D.; Ndabamenye, T.; Six, J.; Vanlauwe, B.; Pulleman, M.M.

Abstract Book of the Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18-22 September2011. ed. / S. Keestra; G. Mol. 2011. p. 211-211.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstract

TY - CHAP

T1 - Effects of conservation agriculture on crop yields, soil aggregation, and C & N dynamics in a soybean-maize rotation in western Kenya

AU - Paul, B.K.

AU - Ayuke, F.

AU - Gassner, A.

AU - Hoogmoed, M.

AU - Hurisso, T.T.

AU - Lelei, D.

AU - Ndabamenye, T.

AU - Six, J.

AU - Vanlauwe, B.

AU - Pulleman, M.M.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Reduced tillage systems and controlled traffic farming (CTF) are being implemented in the Netherlands to lessen compaction and improve soil physical quality. Changes observed in soil physical quality after reducing tillage and starting controlled traffic are often attributed to ecosystem engineers such as earthworms. Through the burrowing and casting behaviours of diverse earthworm species these soil physical functions may be affected differentially between reduced tillage systems. It was hypothesized that reduced tillage systems, where soil is not inverted during tillage, and controlled traffic will promote earthworm density and diversity and therefore encourage an improvement in soil physical quality (soil water retention and infiltration). Two replicated field experiments in randomized complete block designs were performed on organic farms in Flevoland, the Netherlands. The soils are marine loams and climatic data was collected from nearby weather stations. Different tillage treatments with or without controlled traffic were compared. Earthworm abundance, biomass and species were assessed during biannual sampling in the spring and fall of 2009, 2010 and 2011. Soil water retention, infiltration, penetration resistance, aggregate stability and saturated hydraulic conductivity were measured in the fall of 2010 and spring of 2011. Controlled traffic showed a significant positive effect on earthworm density, infiltration capacity and reduced penetration resistance. Data on the effect of tillage system is thus far not conclusive, possibly due to insufficient time for changes to occur, however data from an additional season will be added for this conference

AB - Reduced tillage systems and controlled traffic farming (CTF) are being implemented in the Netherlands to lessen compaction and improve soil physical quality. Changes observed in soil physical quality after reducing tillage and starting controlled traffic are often attributed to ecosystem engineers such as earthworms. Through the burrowing and casting behaviours of diverse earthworm species these soil physical functions may be affected differentially between reduced tillage systems. It was hypothesized that reduced tillage systems, where soil is not inverted during tillage, and controlled traffic will promote earthworm density and diversity and therefore encourage an improvement in soil physical quality (soil water retention and infiltration). Two replicated field experiments in randomized complete block designs were performed on organic farms in Flevoland, the Netherlands. The soils are marine loams and climatic data was collected from nearby weather stations. Different tillage treatments with or without controlled traffic were compared. Earthworm abundance, biomass and species were assessed during biannual sampling in the spring and fall of 2009, 2010 and 2011. Soil water retention, infiltration, penetration resistance, aggregate stability and saturated hydraulic conductivity were measured in the fall of 2010 and spring of 2011. Controlled traffic showed a significant positive effect on earthworm density, infiltration capacity and reduced penetration resistance. Data on the effect of tillage system is thus far not conclusive, possibly due to insufficient time for changes to occur, however data from an additional season will be added for this conference

M3 - Abstract

SN - 9789461731685

SP - 211

EP - 211

BT - Abstract Book of the Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18-22 September2011

A2 - Keestra, S.

A2 - Mol, G.

ER -

Paul BK, Ayuke F, Gassner A, Hoogmoed M, Hurisso TT, Lelei D et al. Effects of conservation agriculture on crop yields, soil aggregation, and C & N dynamics in a soybean-maize rotation in western Kenya. In Keestra S, Mol G, editors, Abstract Book of the Wageningen Conference on Applied Soil Science on Soil Science in a Changing World, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 18-22 September2011. 2011. p. 211-211