Effects of chop length and ensiling period of forage maize on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics

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Abstract

The effect of chop length and ensiling period on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of forage maize was studied in two experiments. In the first experiment, maize plants of eight cultivars representing different combinations of Dry Down, Stay Green, early ripening, late ripening, starch and cell wall types were chopped at harvest into pieces of 6 or 15 mm and ensiled in small laboratory silos. After 8 weeks, silage samples were taken and freeze-dried (not ground) before in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics were determined using the gas production technique. Chop length appeared not to affect the in vitro fermentation characteristics. In the second experiment, plants of two of these maize cultivars were chopped into 6-mm pieces and ensiled for different periods in small laboratory silos and in large bunker silos as used in practice. After 0, 14, 42 and 180 days of ensiling, chemical composition and in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics were determined using the gas production technique. The in vitro fermentation characteristics were not influenced by the ensiling period up to 180 days. During the first two weeks of the ensiling period sugar content decreased and so did the gas production caused by fermentation of the soluble components.
LanguageEnglish
Pages155-166
JournalNJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

chop length
silage making
Rumen
rumen fermentation
Fermentation
Zea mays
gas production (biological)
fermentation
forage
maize
corn
experiment
gas production
ripening
bunker silos
Gases
cultivar
cultivars
sugar content
silage

Keywords

  • chemical composition
  • digestibility
  • feed conversion
  • feed conversion efficiency
  • digestion
  • nutritive value
  • fodder
  • maize silage
  • maize
  • lactating dairy-cows
  • gas-production
  • corn-silage
  • kinetics
  • degradation
  • traits
  • yield
  • time

Cite this

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title = "Effects of chop length and ensiling period of forage maize on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics",
abstract = "The effect of chop length and ensiling period on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of forage maize was studied in two experiments. In the first experiment, maize plants of eight cultivars representing different combinations of Dry Down, Stay Green, early ripening, late ripening, starch and cell wall types were chopped at harvest into pieces of 6 or 15 mm and ensiled in small laboratory silos. After 8 weeks, silage samples were taken and freeze-dried (not ground) before in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics were determined using the gas production technique. Chop length appeared not to affect the in vitro fermentation characteristics. In the second experiment, plants of two of these maize cultivars were chopped into 6-mm pieces and ensiled for different periods in small laboratory silos and in large bunker silos as used in practice. After 0, 14, 42 and 180 days of ensiling, chemical composition and in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics were determined using the gas production technique. The in vitro fermentation characteristics were not influenced by the ensiling period up to 180 days. During the first two weeks of the ensiling period sugar content decreased and so did the gas production caused by fermentation of the soluble components.",
keywords = "chemische samenstelling, verteerbaarheid, voederconversie, voederconversievermogen, spijsvertering, voedingswaarde, veevoeder, ma{\"i}skuilvoer, ma{\"i}s, chemical composition, digestibility, feed conversion, feed conversion efficiency, digestion, nutritive value, fodder, maize silage, maize, lactating dairy-cows, gas-production, corn-silage, kinetics, degradation, traits, yield, time",
author = "J.W. Cone and {van Gelder}, A.H. and {van Schooten}, H.A.",
year = "2008",
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AU - van Gelder, A.H.

AU - van Schooten, H.A.

PY - 2008

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N2 - The effect of chop length and ensiling period on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of forage maize was studied in two experiments. In the first experiment, maize plants of eight cultivars representing different combinations of Dry Down, Stay Green, early ripening, late ripening, starch and cell wall types were chopped at harvest into pieces of 6 or 15 mm and ensiled in small laboratory silos. After 8 weeks, silage samples were taken and freeze-dried (not ground) before in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics were determined using the gas production technique. Chop length appeared not to affect the in vitro fermentation characteristics. In the second experiment, plants of two of these maize cultivars were chopped into 6-mm pieces and ensiled for different periods in small laboratory silos and in large bunker silos as used in practice. After 0, 14, 42 and 180 days of ensiling, chemical composition and in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics were determined using the gas production technique. The in vitro fermentation characteristics were not influenced by the ensiling period up to 180 days. During the first two weeks of the ensiling period sugar content decreased and so did the gas production caused by fermentation of the soluble components.

AB - The effect of chop length and ensiling period on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of forage maize was studied in two experiments. In the first experiment, maize plants of eight cultivars representing different combinations of Dry Down, Stay Green, early ripening, late ripening, starch and cell wall types were chopped at harvest into pieces of 6 or 15 mm and ensiled in small laboratory silos. After 8 weeks, silage samples were taken and freeze-dried (not ground) before in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics were determined using the gas production technique. Chop length appeared not to affect the in vitro fermentation characteristics. In the second experiment, plants of two of these maize cultivars were chopped into 6-mm pieces and ensiled for different periods in small laboratory silos and in large bunker silos as used in practice. After 0, 14, 42 and 180 days of ensiling, chemical composition and in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics were determined using the gas production technique. The in vitro fermentation characteristics were not influenced by the ensiling period up to 180 days. During the first two weeks of the ensiling period sugar content decreased and so did the gas production caused by fermentation of the soluble components.

KW - chemische samenstelling

KW - verteerbaarheid

KW - voederconversie

KW - voederconversievermogen

KW - spijsvertering

KW - voedingswaarde

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KW - maïskuilvoer

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KW - digestibility

KW - feed conversion

KW - feed conversion efficiency

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KW - nutritive value

KW - fodder

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KW - maize

KW - lactating dairy-cows

KW - gas-production

KW - corn-silage

KW - kinetics

KW - degradation

KW - traits

KW - yield

KW - time

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